Lieber, Francis

Life Span
to
Full name
Francis Lieber
Place of Birth
Birth Date Certainty
Disputed
Death Date Certainty
Exact
Gender
Male
Race
White
Sectional choice
North
Origins
Free State
Family
Frederick William Lieber (father), Matilda Oppenheimer (wife), Oscar Montgomery Lieber (son), Hamilton Lieber (son), Guido Norman Lieber (son) 
Education
Other
Other Education
University of Jena, University of Dresden
Occupation
Military
Diplomat
Attorney or Judge
Educator
Writer or Artist
Relation to Slavery
White non-slaveholder
Church or Religious Denomination
Episcopalian
Political Parties
Republican
Other Affiliations
Other
Other Affiliation
Turnverein
Government
Lincoln Administration (1861-65)
Johnson Administration (1865-69)
Military
Foreign military

Francis Lieber (American National Bibliography)

Scholarship
Sensing the pending breakup of the Union and tired of suppressing his sympathies for the nation and against slavery, Lieber left South Carolina in 1856 and moved to New York. He accepted Columbia College's offer of a chair as well as the honor of titling it. By his own design he became professor of history and political science, thereby becoming the first officially named political scientist in America. He made clear in his inaugural address that he took his field to be "the very science for nascent citizens of a republic." During the Civil War he advised the U.S. government in legal matters and organized the voluminous output of the Loyal Publication Society. He also wrote an important pamphlet on Guerilla Parties Considered with Reference to the Laws and Usages of War (1862) as well as A Code for the Government of Armies in the Field, as Authorized by the Laws and Usages of War on Land (1863). Solicited by General Henry Halleck, Lieber's code was turned into a set of instructions issued by President Abraham Lincoln as General Orders No. 100. These instructions were later influential on the accords that emerged from The Hague Conference of 1899 and 1907.
James Farr, "Lieber, Francis," American National Biography Online, February 2000, http://www.anb.org/articles/14/14-00365.html.
How to Cite This Page: "Lieber, Francis," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, https://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/35127.