In western Virginia Confederate cavalry raid and capture Guyandotte with the help of local citizens
Guyandotte, Virginia had been the only town on the Ohio in western Virginia to vote for the ordinance of secession and therefore was under close Union scrutiny. Late in the evening, Confederate Colonel John Clarkson led 700 Virginia cavalrymen into the town, killing and capturing the small Union garrison there. The next morning he left with around a hundred prisoners. Several Union supporters had been murdered overnight and rumors of a "massacre" fueled a violent reprisal when Union troops returned that afternoon and burned large parts of the town. (By John Osborne)
Joe Geiger, Jr., "The Tragic Fate of Guyandotte," West Virginia History, Volume 54 (1995), pp. 28-41.