President Abraham Lincoln, Signing statement for the Bill to Abolish Slavery in the District of Columbia

    Source citation
    Reprinted in "Important From Washington," New York Times, April 17, 1862 
    Executive record
    Date Certainty
    John Osborne
    Transcription date
    The following text is presented here in complete form, as it originally appeared in print. Spelling and typographical errors have been preserved as in the original.
    Fellow-citizens of the Senate and House of Representatives:
    The act entitled "An act for the release of certain persons held to service or labor in the District of Columbia," has this day been approved and signed.
    I have never doubted the constitutional authority of Congress to abolish Slavery in this District, and I have ever desired to see the National Capital freed from the institution in some satisfactory way. Hence there has never been in my mind any question upon the subject except the one of expediency, arising in view of all the circumstances. If there be matters within and about this act which might have taken a course or shape more satisfactory to my judgment, I do not attempt to specify them. I am gratified that the two principles of compensation and colonization are both recognized and practically applied in the act.
    In the matter of compensation it is provided that claims may be presented within ninety days from the passage of the act, but not thereafter, and there is no saving for minors, femmes coverts, insane or absent persons. I presume this is an omission by mere oversight, and I recommend that it be supplied by an amendatory or supplemental act.
    WASHINGTON, April 16, 1862. 
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