Major General Banks completes his withdrawal from the Shenandoah Valley to Maryland
After defeats by superior Confederate forces under Major General T.J. Jackson at Front Royal and Winchester, Major General N.P. Banks's command retreated for sixty miles to the banks of the Potomac River and safely crossed over into Maryland at Williamsport. This ended for now the Union campaign in the Shenandoah Valley, once again put Washington DC at risk, and distracted the Union Army from its advance on Richmond. (By John Osborne)
Frank Moore, ed., The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc. (New York: G.P. Putnam, 1863), V: 52-56.