Vance, Zebulon Baird

Life Span
Full name
Zebulon Baird Vance
Place of Birth
Burial Place
Birth Date Certainty
Death Date Certainty
Sectional choice
Slave State
No. of Spouses
No. of Children
David Vance Jr. (father), Mira Margaret Baird (mother), Robert Brank Vance (brother), Harriett Newell Espy (wife)
University of North Carolina
Attorney or Judge
Relation to Slavery
Political Parties
American Party (Know Nothings or Nativists)
Constitutional Union (1860)
Other Political Party
Opposition, Conservative party (Civil War)
US Senate
US House of Representatives
State legislature
Confederate Army

Zebulon Vance (Congressional Biographical Directory)

VANCE, Zebulon Baird, (nephew of Robert Brank Vance [1793-1827] and brother of Robert Brank Vance [1828-1899]), a Representative and a Senator from North Carolina; born on Reems Creek, near Asheville, Buncombe County, N.C., May 13, 1830; attended the common schools of Buncombe County, and Washington (Tenn.) College; studied law at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; admitted to the bar in 1852 and commenced practice in Asheville, N.C.; elected prosecuting attorney of Buncombe County in 1852; member, State house of commons 1854; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fifth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Thomas L. Clingman; reelected to the Thirty-sixth Congress and served from December 7, 1858, to March 3, 1861; during the Civil War entered the Confederate Army as a captain and was promoted to the rank of colonel; elected Governor of North Carolina in 1862, and reelected in 1864; removed from office in 1865 when he was arrested and imprisoned in Washington, D.C. for Confederate activities; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in November 1870, but did not present his credentials; unsuccessful Democratic candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1872; Governor of North Carolina 1876-1878; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1879; reelected in 1884 and 1890, and served from March 4, 1879, until his death; chairman, Committee on Enrolled Bills (Forty-sixth Congress), Committee on Privileges and Elections (Fifty-third Congress); died in Washington, D.C., April 14, 1894; funeral services were held in the Chamber of the United States Senate; interment in Riverside Cemetery, Asheville, N.C.
"Vance,  Zebulon Baird," Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 to Present,
Chicago Style Entry Link
Dowd, Clement. Life of Zebulon B. Vance. Charlotte, NC: Observer Printing and Publishing House, 1897. view record
Johnson, Frontis W., ed. The Papers of Zebulon Baird Vance. 2 vols. Raleigh: North Carolina State Department of Achieves and History, 1963. view record
McKinney, Gordon B. Zeb Vance: North Carolina's Civil War Governor and Gilded Age Political Leader. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2004. view record
Mobley, Joe A. 'War Governor of the South:' North Carolina's Zeb Vance in the Confederacy. Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 2005. view record
Mobley, Joe A. The Papers of Zebulon Baird Vance. 2 Vols. Raleigh: North Carolina State Department of Achieves and History, 1995. view record
Tucker, Glenn. Zeb Vance: Champion of Personal Freedom. Indianapolis: The Bobbs-Merrill Company, Inc, 1965. view record
Yates, Richard E. "Zebulon B. Vance as War Governor of North Carolina, 1862-1865." Journal of Southern History 3, no. 1 (1937): 43-75. view record
How to Cite This Page: "Vance, Zebulon Baird," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,