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Southern senators and congressmen meet in Washington and produce the "Southern Manifesto"

Reuben Davis, detail
12/13/1860
With disunion talk everywhere, twenty southern U.S. senators and representatives gathered at the Washington D.C. lodgings of Congressman Reuben Davis of Mississippi, ostensibly to seek a compromise position for the South.  By evening's end, at 11 p.m., however, they had produced what came to be called the "Southern Manifesto" that stated that only an independent "Southern Confederacy" could save the South and called for independent state secession. (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation: 
Charles B. Dew, Apostles of Disunion: Southern Secession Commissioners and the Cause of the Civil War (Charlottesville, VA: University Press of Virginia, 2001), 24. 

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