Entry by Kate Stone, September 5, 1864

Source citation
Kate Stone, Brokenburn: The Journal of Kate Stone, 1861-1868, ed. John Q. Anderson (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1955), 296-298.
Type
Diary
Date Certainty
Exact
Transcriber
Transcription adapted from Brokenburn: The Journal of Kate Stone, 1861-1868 (1955), edited by John Q. Anderson
Adapted by Don Sailer, Dickinson College
Transcription date
The following transcript has been adapted from Brokenburn: The Journal of Kate Stone, 1861-1868 (1955).
[Near Oak Ridge, La.] Sept. 5: Intense excitement in the neighborhood. Yankees reported advancing in large force - destroying, burning, and murdering as they come!! Capt. Lea with his small band of guerrillas contesting every mile of the way but being steadily forced back by superior numbers! Praying Col. Parsons, who has the only troops near, for reinforcements, but who refuses to send them as he is under stringent orders and making forced marches! Blank consternation among the citizens who hear that the Federals have vowed vengeance against this section on account of Capt. Lea and his guerrillas. Everyone is preparing to flee the wrath to come.

Such were the startling reports brought to Col. Templeton by terrified Mr. Philips this morning, frightening us nearly to death, for great is our horror of the vandal hordes since their ruthless destruction of Floyd and Pin Hook and their outrageous conduct at those doomed places. Mrs. Templeton soon had everything arranged for our rapid flight through the swamp across the Ouachita to the safe haven of Col. Wadley's home, should the reports prove true, leaving Mrs. Templeton and Mrs. Savage here to brave the storm, Col. Templeton going with us. We were on the qui vive all day looking for a mounted messenger galloping up through the wooded lawn shouting, "Flee, Flee." But about sunset the tension relaxed. We heard that the Yankees came out only as far as Floyd on a reconnaisance and are retiring to the river, and so we breathe freely once more.

The Yankee raids are no joke, though we laugh at each other for being frightened. Last week 200 of the Corps D'Afrique, officered by six big white men (wretches they are) , came out and laid the two little villages of Floyd and Pin Hook in ashes, not allowing the people to remove any of their possessions from their houses and thus leaving them utterly destitute. They were very rough and insulting in their language to the ladies, tore the pockets from their dresses and the rings from their fingers, cursing and swearing, and frightening the helpless folks nearly into fits. This was done in revenge for a guerrilla raid a few days before, in which a good many government stores were destroyed and eighty or ninety Negroes brought out. The Yankees know they make it ten times worse for us by sending Negroes to commit these atrocities. The Paternal Government at Washington has done all in its power to incite a general insurrection throughout the South, in the hopes of thus getting rid of the women and children in one grand holocaust. We would be practically helpless should the Negroes rise, since there are so few men left at home. It is only because the Negroes do not want to kill us that we are still alive. The Negroes have behaved well, far better than anyone anticipated. They have not shown themselves revengeful, have been most biddable, and in many cases have been the only mainstay of of their owners.

Five or six citizens, unarmed, were murdered by the Yankees in that Floyd raid. How thankful I am we left home when we did. To lose everything is bad, but constant terror and insult are worse.

The guerrillas report that the cotton crop on the river is a complete failure, entirely eaten up by the worms. The fields are swept of every vestige of green and there is hardly a matured boll to a stalk. This news rejoices our very hearts. Those are true "Confederate worms," working for the good of the Cause.

Emmie and I are practising singing. Neither of us is gifted with the voice of a siren, but enough to amuse the non- critical. Am making a calico dress which promises to be a love, if I can only get it long enough.
Footnotes
Minor Figures

Joseph Lea – Captain Joseph C. Lea commanded a group of Confederate guerrillas

M. M. Parsons – Confederate Colonel M. M. Parsons
How to Cite This Page: "Entry by Kate Stone, September 5, 1864," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/34739.