Back to top

Secretary of State Seward urges Great Lakes governors to fortify their lakeside ports against foreign threats

William Henry Seward, circa 1860, detail
10/14/1861
Secretary of State William Seward made public a circular issued to all the governors of the states bordering the Great Lakes between the United States and Canada recommending strongly that their harbors along the lakes be fortified against a possible attack from a foreign power.  British and Canadian officials told the United States that this caused "uneasiness" and saw no need for such an order.  (By John Osborne)   
Source Citation: 
Oscar Douglas Skelton, The Life and Times of Sir Alexander Tilloch Galt (Toronto: Oxford University Press, 1920), 315n.