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Winfield Scott to Simon Cameron, Request for Retirement, Washington, D.C., October 31, 1861

Winfield Scott
Former Whig presidential candidate General Winfield Scott had joined the Army in 1808, was a veteran of the War of 1812, victor of the Mexican-American War, and had served as general-in-chief of the Army for twenty years. Aged seventy-four, overweight, and beset by medical problems, he asked the Secretary of War to place him on the retired list. Major General George B. McClellan was appointed his successor the next day. Scott's legacy was the Anaconda Plan that was designed to surround, divide, and slowly force the surrender of the Confederacy. Rejected at the time under the pressure for a swift victory, it was essentially the method the Union ultimately followed for final victory. Scott saw that victory before he died at West Point in May 1866. (By John Osborne)

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How to Cite This Page: "Winfield Scott to Simon Cameron, Request for Retirement, Washington, D.C., October 31, 1861 ," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/38138.