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France, Britain, and Spain land troops at the Mexican port of Vera Cruz to enforce debt payments

Mexico, 1857, zoomable map
01/06/1862 to 01/08/1862
Mexico had suspended interest payments on the nation's giant foreign debt in July 1861. On October 31, 1861, the main European debtors, Britain, France, and Spain, signed a convention in London for an occupation of Mexican customs houses, beginning with Vera Cruz, to force continued payments.  Spanish naval units arrived off Vera Cruz and were later joined by British and French in the landing of troops at the port.  (By John Osborne)
Source Citation: 
Brian R. Hamnett, A Concise History of Mexico (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999), 163-164. 
How to Cite This Page: "France, Britain, and Spain land troops at the Mexican port of Vera Cruz to enforce debt payments," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/38531.