After twice failing to storm the city, Union General Grant orders a siege at Vicksburg, Mississippi

After frontal atttacks on May 19 and 22, 1863 had failed with heavy losses, the Union Army of the Tennessee's commander decided that further attacks would be too costly.  He ordered siege operations to begin and no further large attacks took place. The city, its garrison, and its civilian population suffered from mining operations, daily shelling, and extreme shortages of food and medical supplies during the next six weeks.  The defenders finally asked for terms on July 2, 1963 and two days later surrendered the town.   (By John Osborne) 
Source Citation
Adam Badeau, The Military History of Ulysses S. Grant,, From April 1861 to April 1865 (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1881), 331.
Michael B. Ballard, Vicksburg: The Campaign That Opened the Mississippi (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004), 150.
Chronicles of the Great Rebellion Against the United States of America ... (Philadelphia: A. Winch, 1867), 59.
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