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Resolutions, the Unconditional Union party of Maryland in Convention, Baltimore, Maryland, August 15, 1866.

Baltimore, 1853

The political situation in Maryland was particularly tense and fluid in 1866 as the wartime alliances for the Union began to dissolve and the more Southern leaning Democrats returned to the political scene.  The once relatively united Unconditional Union Party had controlled the state during much of the war but now was suffering defections as their Democratic members, like Governor Thomas Swann, returned to the conservative fold.  The Republican Party was desperate to establish itself out of the old Unconditional Unionists but, as several of these resolutions show, was struggling with several postwar Maryland issues, including prominently the thorny question of African-American suffrage and the maintenance of the Registry Act designed to hinder the return of former Maryland Confederates to the election rolls.  The resolutions also support the U.S. Congress and its policies while decrying those of President Johnson, holding him and his supporters as essentially responsible for the recent deadly riots in New Orleans that targeted black and white Union men.  (By John Osborne)