Greeley, Horace

Horace Greeley, Brady image, detail

Horace Greeley did far more than advice adolescent men to go west: he was the leader of the New York Tribune; an early founder of the Republican Party; an abolitionist, farmer, and presidential hopeful. Born on February 3, 1811 to struggling New Hampshire farmers, Horace was formally educated until age 14, and, in 1826, began his life-long career in journalism as an apprentice to printer Amos Bliss. With the founding of the New-Yorker in the early 1830s, Greeley came on the scene in both the literary and political fields, as he became involved with powerful New York Whig leaders. A decade later, in 1841, Greeley burst onto the national scene with the start of the Whig newspaper the New York Tribune. In line with many Northern Whigs of the time, he used his First Amendment freedom of the press to fight many “social ills” of the time, such as gender inequality, alcoholism, and, most importantly, the sin of slavery. Using these ethical mores as a base, coupled with such political convictions as the opposition to the Mexican War and condemnation of the Dred Scott Case, Greeley became deeply involved with the founding of the Republican Party in the early 1850s. With such influences in the Republican Party, Greeley advised President Lincoln during the Civil War, and tried to push his agenda concerning abolition upon the president. During Reconstruction and later years, Greeley tried his hand at farming, made a run for the presidency, and died after “a busy life,” in 1872. (By David Gillespie)

Life span

Life Summary

Full name
  Horace Greeley
Place of Birth
Birth Date Certainty
Death Date Certainty
Sectional choice
  Free State
No. of Spouses
No. of Children
Zaccheus Greeley (father), Mary Woodburn (mother), Mary Youngs Cheney (wife, 1836)
  Writer or Artist
Relation to Slavery
  White non-slaveholder

Note Cards


Date Title
04/26/1853 Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Underground Railroad," April 26, 1853
06/03/1854 New York Herald, "The Boston Fugitive Case," June 3, 1854
06/10/1856 Abraham Lincoln's Speech at Springfield, Illinois, June 10, 1856
03/20/1857 New York Times, “A Few Words About Kansas,” March 20, 1857
05/25/1857 Charleston (SC) Mercury, "The Fate and the Folly of Compromises," May 25, 1857
10/22/1857 Washington (DC) National Era, “Collapse of Abolitionists,” October 22, 1857
12/15/1857 New York Times, “Governor Walker in Washington,” December 15, 1857
12/28/1857 Abraham Lincoln to Lyman Trumbull, December 28, 1857
01/27/1858 New York Herald, "The Approaching Conclusion of the Kansas Comedy," January 27, 1858
06/01/1858 Norman Buel Judd to Abraham Lincoln, June 1, 1858
06/09/1858 Ward Hill Lamon to Abraham Lincoln, June 9, 1858
06/27/1858 Abraham Lincoln to Charles H. Ray, June 27, 1858
08/13/1858 New York Herald, “The Illinois Campaign,” August 13, 1858
11/07/1858 David Davis to Abraham Lincoln, November 7, 1858
12/10/1858 New York Herald, “The Union of the Opposition Factions,” December 10, 1858
04/09/1859 Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Drawing it Mild,” April 9, 1859
04/21/1859 Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Lincoln in New York,” April 21, 1859
06/09/1859 Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “Greeley Meets a Slave Dealer,” June 9, 1859
07/10/1859 New York Herald, “Horace Greeley and His Pike’s Peak Humbuggery,” July 10, 1859
07/30/1859 San Francisco (CA) Evening Bulletin, “Arrival of Horace Greeley,” July 30, 1859
09/16/1859 Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Greeley as an Orator,” September 16, 1859
10/16/1859 New York Herald, “Supplies for the Army in Utah,” October 16, 1859
10/24/1859 Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "Northern Impertinences with Regard to the Late Affair at Harpers Ferry," October 24, 1859
10/27/1859 Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "Good Out of Evil," October 27, 1859
10/28/1859 Baltimore (MD) Sun, "More Harper's Ferry Disclosures," October 28, 1859
11/02/1859 Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, "They Have Overdone It!," November 2, 1859
11/04/1859 Charleston (SC) Mercury, “Mr. Douglas’ New Book,” November 4, 1859
11/11/1859 Boston (MA) Liberator, "Bad News for the Abolitionists," November 11, 1859
12/10/1859 New York Herald, "The Slavery Agitation," December 10, 1859
01/05/1860 New York Herald, "The Underground Railroad and Its Victims," January 5, 1860
02/25/1860 New York Herald, “The Senate and Messrs Hyatt and Howe,” February 25, 1860
02/28/1860 New York Herald, “Trouble among the Republican President Makers,” February 28, 1860
03/01/1860 George Fisher to Robert Mercer Taliaferro Hunter, March 1, 1860
03/02/1860 Newark (OH) Advocate, “The Chicago Convention,” March 2, 1860
03/26/1860 William Wilkins to James Watson Webb, March 26, 1860
04/25/1860 San Francisco (CA) Evening Bulletin, “Seward the Republican Nominee,” April 25, 1860
05/16/186005/18/1860 Recollection by Henry C. Whitney, Republican National Convention, May 16-18, 1860
05/21/1860 Richmond (VA) Dispatch, “The Chicago Convention,” May 21, 1860
05/28/1860 Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Mr. Lincoln's Committals,” May 28, 1860
06/12/1860 New York Herald, “Commencement of Republican Cabinet Making,” June 12, 1860
07/11/1860 John L. Scripps to Abraham Lincoln, July 11, 1860
07/17/1860 John L. Scripps to Abraham Lincoln, July 17, 1860
08/05/1860 New York Herald, “Trouble Among the Republicans,” August 5, 1860
08/14/1860 New York Herald, “'Honest Old Abe' and His Cabinet,” August 14, 1860
09/07/1860 New York Herald, “Massachusetts Thoroughly Abolitionized,” September 7, 1860
09/08/1860 Dover (NH) Gazette, “Withdrawal of General Houston,” September 8, 1860
09/16/1860 New York Herald, “The Reign of Terror in Texas,” September 16, 1860
10/28/1860 New York Herald, “Helper and His Black Republican Endorsers,” October 28, 1860
11/24/1860 (Montpelier) Vermont Patriot, “Nullifying the Laws,” November 24, 1860
02/03/1861 New York Herald, “Greeley for Senator, Why Not?,” February 3, 1861
02/07/1861 Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “Mr. Lincoln’s Views,” February 7, 1861
02/13/1861 New York Herald, “Free Love and Passional Attraction in the New Administration,” February 13, 1861
02/14/1861 Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “Thurlow Weed,” February 14, 1861
03/04/1861 Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "4th of March," March 4, 1861
04/15/1861 Entry by George Templeton Strong, April 15, 1861
04/17/1861 Charleston (SC) Mercury, “Abolition Anticipations,” April 17, 1861
05/08/1861 Richmond (VA) Dispatch, “Horace Greeley,” May 8, 1861
05/13/1861 Charleston (SC) Mercury, “A Sucking Nelson,” May 13, 1861
05/14/1861 Charleston (SC) Mercury, “Lying Dexterity,” May 14, 1861
07/12/1861 Newark (OH) Advocate, “The Threats and Pressure Under which the President Acts,” July 12, 1861
02/08/1862 New York National Anti-Slavery Standard, "Mr. Conway’s Lecture," February 8, 1862
09/13/1862 Abraham Lincoln, Reply to Emancipation Memorial Presented by Chicago Christians of All Denominations, September 13, 1862
05/15/1863 Entry by Cornelia Peake McDonald, May 15, 1863