President Lincoln banishes Congressman Clement Vallandigham to the Confederacy

Congressman Vallandigham had been found guily of disloyalty in a military court and sentenced to confinement for the duration of the war.  The Ohio Democrat was denied a writ of Habeus Corpus and was slated for imprisonment at Fort Warren in Boston Harbor. Abraham Lincoln adjusted this sentence to one that "put him beyond our lines." Vallandigham arrived under protest in Richmond but soon left for Canada and returned to the United States clandestinely a few months later. (By John Osborne)
Source Citation
The Trial of Hon. Clement L. Vallandigham: By a Military Commission: and the Proceedings Under His Application for a Writ of Habeas Corpus in the Circuit Court of the United States for the Southern District of Ohio (Cincinnati, OH: Rickey and Carroll, 1863), 34.
Geoffrey R. Stone, Perilous Times: Free Speech in Wartime: From the Sedition Act of 1798 to the War on Terrorism (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, 2004), 103-104.
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