Richmond, VA


Richmond, Va. City, port of entry, capital of the state and seat of justice of Henrico co. It is pleasantly situated on the N. side of James River, immediately below the falls, and at the head of tide water. It is 23 miles N. from Petersburg, and 117 W. from Washington. The population, in 1800, was 5737; 1810, 9785; 1820, 12,067; 1830, 16,060; 1840, 20,153; 1850, 27,483. (Gazetteer of the United States of America, 1854)

    Place Unit Type
    City or Town
    Containing Unit
    Date Type
    A new statue of former Chief Justice John Marshall is installed at the Washington Monument in Richmond, Virginia. Education/Culture
    A significant lunar eclipse of the Sun is visible in the morning over much of the eastern United States Science/Technology
    After nine months of bloody attempts, the Union Army marches into Petersburg, Virginia Battles/Soldiers
    At a private house in Richmond, Confederate cavalry commander General J.E.B. Stuart dies of his wounds Battles/Soldiers
    At Fort Bliss, Confederate Brigadier-General Henry Sibley takes command of the "Army of New Mexico" Battles/Soldiers
    At Hampton, Virginia, two hundred and forty exchanged Union prisoners reach Fort Monroe Battles/Soldiers
    At the House of Delegates in Richmond, the Virginia Convention votes for secession Lawmaking/Litigating
    Confederate authorities select two Union officer prisoners for a retaliatory execution at Libby Prison Lawmaking/Litigating
    Confederate Brigadier-General Henry H. Sibley marches from San Antonio to launch his invasion of New Mexico Battles/Soldiers
    Confederate president Jefferson Davis signs the first Conscription Act in American history Lawmaking/Litigating
    Fast day of "humiliation, prayer, and thanksgiving" observed throughout the Confederacy Religion/Philosophy
    - Financial disruption verges on panic and Virginia banks suspend specie payments Business/Industry
    First Episcopal Bishop of Texas consecrated at Episcopal Convention in Richmond, Virginia Religion/Philosophy
    For the second time in two days, a steamship rescues the crew of a sinking vessel off South Carolina. Crime/Disasters
    Former Confederate president is transported from Fort Monroe to Richmond to appear in federal court under a writ of habeas corpus. Lawmaking/Litigating
    General J.E.B. Stuart is buried with full honors at the Hollywood Cemetery in Richmond, Virginia Personal
    George W. Randolph, former Confederate Secretary of War and youngest grandson of Thomas Jefferson, dies at his Virginia home of tuberculosis. Personal
    Governor Wise of Virginia meets with southern medical students returned from Philadelphia Legal/Political
    In a rainy Richmond, Virginia, Jefferson Davis is inaugurated to a full term as Confederate president Campaigns/Elections
    In Boston, Rebecca Davis Lee graduates as the first female African-American medical doctor Education/Culture
    In Montgomery, Alabama, the special session session of the Confederate States Congress ends Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Ohio, General Burnside executes two Confederate officers arrested in Kentucky for spying Lawmaking/Litigating
    - In Richmond, 109 Union officers prisoners tunnel out of confinement and make for the Union lines Battles/Soldiers
    In Richmond, a public demonstration of Virginia's loyalty to the Union is held on the Capitol grounds Campaigns/Elections
    In Richmond, Confederates select prisoners for trial in retaliation for Northern convictions of privateers Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Richmond, former Confederate president Jefferson Davis appears in federal court under a writ of habeas corpus and is released on bail. Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Richmond, former Constitutional Unionist congressman John Minor Botts is arrested in dawn raid Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Richmond, teenaged Union officer Johnston De Peyster hoists the Stars and Stripes over the Confederate Capitol Battles/Soldiers
    In Richmond, the Confederate Congress votes to admit Missouri as the Confederacy's eleventh state Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Richmond, the Confederate Navy convenes a court of inquiry over the destruction of the Merrimac Battles/Soldiers
    In Richmond, the Confederate Navy court of inquiry into the scuttling of the Merrimac makes its report Battles/Soldiers
    In Richmond, the Virginia Convention rejects secession in a decisive vote Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Richmond, Virginia, President Lincoln tours the newly captured former capital of the Confederacy Battles/Soldiers
    - In Richmond, Virginia, the First Confederate Congress is meeting in its first session Lawmaking/Litigating
    - In Richmond, Virginia, the First Confederate Congress is meeting in its second session Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Richmond, Virginia, the First Confederate Congress is now adjourned till August Lawmaking/Litigating
    - In Richmond, Virginia, the First Confederate Congress is sitting in its fourth and final session Lawmaking/Litigating
    - In Richmond, Virginia, the First Confederate Congress is sitting in its third session Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Richmond, Virginia, Union agent Timothy Webster becomes the first spy executed during the war Battles/Soldiers
    In the Virginia Senate, Senator R. R. Collier opens debate on the centrality of slavery to the South Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Virginia, Richmond police locked up 238 people in the previous month, mostly for drunkeness Crime/Disasters
    In Virginia, Richmond police raid secret meeting of African-American group called "The Sons of Ham" Slavery/Abolition
    In Virginia, secessionists raise the Confederate flag in a ceremony near Richmond Campaigns/Elections
    In Virginia, several former Confederate officers and officers are elected as mayor and city councillors Campaigns/Elections
    In Virginia, Union General Alfred Terry voids the recent Richmond city elections Campaigns/Elections
    In Winchester, a mass meeting of area Unionists protests the return of Confederates to office in Virginia Campaigns/Elections
    Jefferson Davis declares a day of "fasting, humiliation, and prayer" across the Confederacy Lawmaking/Litigating
    Jefferson Davis declares martial law in and around the Virginia towns of Norfolk and Portsmouth Lawmaking/Litigating
    Jefferson Davis declares martial law in the Richmond area and also bans the production of spirits Lawmaking/Litigating
    John Tyler, 10th United States President, dies in his hotel room in Richmond, Virginia, aged 71 Personal
    John Young Mason dies in Paris where he is United States Minister Personal
    Judah P. Benjamin is named as Confederate Secretary of War and Thomas Bragg as Attorney General Lawmaking/Litigating
    Kentucky man sends Governor Wise the rope with which to hang John Brown Legal/Political
    Mission of Confederate Vice-President Stephens seeks negotiations on prisoners Lawmaking/Litigating
    President Johnson recognizes Virginia's "Alexandria" legislature and appoints Francis Pierpont provisional governor Lawmaking/Litigating
    President Lincoln banishes Congressman Clement Vallandigham to the Confederacy Lawmaking/Litigating
    President Lincoln rejects Confederate Vice-President Stephens' offer to negotiate on prisoners Lawmaking/Litigating
    - President Monroe goes home to Virginia Personal
    - Prince Albert makes a brief visit to Richmond, Virginia US/the World
    Richmond newspaper editorial defends slavery as a vital financial need for Virginia Slavery/Abolition
    Richmond newspaper editors reportedly exchange pistol shots in the halls of the Virginia State Capitol Crime/Disasters
    Robert E. Lee and his family leave Richmond to spend summer in the Virginia countryside Personal
    Robert E. Lee is appointed field commander of the Army of Northern Virginia Battles/Soldiers
    Secretary of War E.M. Stanton orders appointment of Union commissioners to visit Southern prisons Lawmaking/Litigating
    South Carolina Commissioner Christopher Memminger speaks for four hours before the Virginia legislature Lawmaking/Litigating
    South Carolina sends Christopher Memminger to discuss the sectional crisis with the Virginia legislature Legal/Political
    Southern journalist urges the South to reclaim the "Star-Spangled Banner" as a southern patriotic song Education/Culture
    Southern students from Philadelphia's medical schools meet and vote to leave for the South Legal/Political
    Southern students make a mass exodus from Philadelphia's medical schools Legal/Political
    Statue of Henry Clay inaugurated with great ceremony in Capitol Square, Richmond, Virginia Education/Culture
    The Confederate Congress outlines dire consequences for black Union soldiers and their white officers Lawmaking/Litigating
    The Confederate Government evacuates its capital of Richmond, hours before victorious Union troops march in Battles/Soldiers
    The Confederate Post Office issues its first postage stamps, bearing the likeness of Jefferson Davis Lawmaking/Litigating
    The new Confederate National Flag flies for the first time over the Confederate Capitol in Richmond Lawmaking/Litigating
    The new Virginia legislature replaces the restrictive Alexandria Oath with the milder Amnesty Oath Lawmaking/Litigating
    The Prince of Wales spends twenty-four hours in Baltimore US/the World
    The Union Army crosses the James River, ending Grant's Overland Campaign and besieging Petersburg Battles/Soldiers
    The United States reclassifies convicted Confederate privateers as prisoners of war Lawmaking/Litigating
    - The Virginia Convention on secession is meeting in Richmond Lawmaking/Litigating
    The Virginia Washington Monument is unveiled in Richmond with Crawford's equestrian statue of Washington as its centerpiece Cultural
    U.S. Supreme Court Justice Peter V. Daniel dies in Richmond, Virginia Personal
    - Union spy Elizabeth Van Lew risks her life to shelter escaping Union officers in her Richmond home Battles/Soldiers
    Virginia Democrats urge participation in the proposed convention of southern states Lawmaking/Litigating
    Virginia rejects South Carolina's call for a convention of southern states Lawmaking/Litigating
    Virginia State legislature finishes its 1859-1860 session Lawmaking/Litigating
    Virginia working women demonstrate and then precipitate a "Bread Riot"in the Confederate capital Women/Families
    - Virginia's "Alexandria" legislature moves back to Richmond for its final session Lawmaking/Litigating
    Virginians elect delegates to their secession convention Lawmaking/Litigating
    Name Type
    Belle Isle, VA Location or Site
    Fort Harrison, VA Location or Site
    Hollywood Cemetery, Richmond, VA Location or Site
    Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia Location or Site
    Rocketts Landing, Richmond, VA Location or Site
    Date Title
    New York Times, “Louisiana Legislature,” December 11, 1852
    John Henry Hill to William Still, January 19, 1854
    John Henry Hill to William Still, March 8, 1854
    James M. Mercer to William Still, March 17, 1854
    Issac Forman to William Still, May 7, 1854
    William Henry Gilliam to William Still, May 15, 1854
    John Henry Hill to William Still, September 14, 1854
    Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Late Tragedy," October 16, 1855
    Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Underground Railroad," November 7, 1855
    Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, November 10, 1855
    N. R. Johnston to William Still, December 26, 1855
    John Hall to William Still, March 25, 1856
    New York Herald, "Breakdown on the Underground Railroad," July 26, 1856
    John Henry Hill to William Still, September 15, 1856
    John Hall to William Still, September 15, 1856
    John Hall to William Still, December 23, 1856
    John Henry Hill to William Still, January 5, 1857
    John Thompson to William Still, January 6, 1857
    New York Times, “Virginia Frightened,” April 7, 1857
    Elijah Hilton to William Still, July 28, 1857
    New York Times, “The Convention of the Southern New School Presbyterians,” August 31, 1857
    Washington (DC) National Era, “A Minister Driven From His Church,” September 3, 1857
    Washington (DC) National Era, “The Seceders,” September 17, 1857
    “Old Brown and his Friends,” Richmond (VA) Dispatch, November 10, 1859.
    Hiram Wilson and Orlando J. Hunt to William Still, May 6, 1858
    Cleveland (OH) Herald, "Emancipation of Slaves in Virginia," June 16, 1858
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, August 21, 1858
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, August 25, 1858
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, “The Western Trade,” September 28, 1858
    Boston (MA) Liberator, “The Underground Railroad,” October 8, 1858
    New York Herald, “Our Richmond Correspondence,” October 17, 1858
    New York Times, “Another Virginia Insurrection,” February 7, 1859
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, “Railroad Outrages,” February 23, 1859
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Another Dred Scott Decision,” June 8, 1859
    New York Times, “Albany and Richmond,” June 29, 1859
    Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, “Negro Insurrection!," October 20, 1859
    Philadelphia (PA) Christian Observer, "A Regular Abolition Conspiracy," October 27, 1859
    Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, "Governor Wise on the Harper's Ferry Insurrection," October 27, 1859
    Philadelphia (PA) Christian Observer, "Character of John Brown," November 10, 1859
    Boston (MA) Liberator, "Bad News for the Abolitionists," November 11, 1859
    Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, "Reward for Fugitive Insurgents," November 17, 1859
    Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, "Gov. Wise to Mrs. Child," November 17, 1859
    Entry by Thomas Jonathan Jackson, December 2, 1859
    Columbus (OH) Gazette, "For the Columbus Gazette," December 16, 1859
    New York Times, "The Southern Medical Students," December 23, 1859
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, “The Medical Students,” December 26, 1859
    New York Times, “The Southern Students,” January 2, 1860
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “Harper’s Ferry Items,” January 30, 1860
    Charlestown (VA) Free Press, “Harper’s Ferry Outrage,” February 9, 1860
    Raleigh (NC) Register, “How Firmly United the Democracy Are,” February 22, 1860
    Stepney Brown to William Still, March 3, 1860
    John William Dungy to William Still, March 3, 1860
    Carlisle (PA) Herald, "Hazlett and Stevens,” March 14, 1860
    Lowell (MA) Citizen & News, “George Sennot’s Speech,” March 14, 1860
    Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, “The Harper’s Ferry Insurgents,” March 15, 1860
    John William Dungy to William Still, April 20, 1860
    Milwaukee (WI) Sentinel, “The Coming Conventions,” May 9, 1860
    Atchison (KS) Freedom’s Champion, “The Charleston Convention,” May 12, 1860
    New York Herald, “Bell and Everett Going Ahead,” May 27, 1860
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “The Fillmore Men,” June 19, 1860
    New York Herald, “The Trip to Virginia,” October 7, 1860
    A Slave to William Still, October 18, 1860
    New York Times, “Political Assassination,” November 29, 1860
    New York Herald, “Ex-Secretary Floyd on the Crisis,” January 15, 1861
    "The Floyd Banquet," New York Herald, January 17, 1861
    C. A. to William Still, February 16, 1861
    New York Times, “A Bloody Programme,” March 6, 1861
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “Virginia Still for the Union,” March 28, 1861
    Cleveland (OH) Herald, “Beauties of the ‘Institution’,” April 2, 1861
    James Henderson to Abraham Lincoln, April 16, 1861
    The Virginia Ordinance of Secession, April 17, 1861
    Virginia Governor John Letcher’s Proclamation, April 24, 1861
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “What Can We Believe?,” April 29, 1861
    William Willey to Waitman Willey, April 29, 1861
    New York Times, “A Halter with Two Nooses,” May 20, 1861
    Chicago (IL) Tribune, “Army Slave Catching,” May 28, 1861
    San Francisco (CA) Evening Bulletin, “The Lack of “Improved” Firearms in the South,” June 5, 1861
    Abraham Lincoln, Message to the Congress in Special Session, July 4, 1861
    Alexander Kelly McClure to Eli Slifer, July 23, 1861
    Savannah (GA) News, “Abe Lincoln Assassinated!,” August 13, 1861
    President Jefferson Davis, Message to the Confederate Congress, November 18, 1861
    Abraham Lincoln to George B. McClellan, April 9, 1862
    New York National Anti-Slavery Standard, "Speech of Rev. M.D. Conway," August 9, 1862
    Abraham Lincoln to George Brinton McClellan, October 13, 1862
    Cleveland (OH) Herald, “The Coming Siege of Vicksburg,” February 3, 1863
    The Retaliatory Act, Confederate Congress, May 1, 1863
    New York Herald, “The Pen and the Sword,” May 17, 1863
    Abraham Lincoln, Telegram to Joseph Hooker, June 10, 1863
    Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Hooker, June 10, 1863
    Captain Henry W. Sawyer to his Wife, from Libby Prison, Richmond, Virginia
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “Gen. Lee Again Victorious!,” July 9, 1863
    Orders from Henry Wager Halleck to William Handy Ludlow, July 15, 1863
    New Haven (NH) Palladium,“Port Hudson,” July 16, 1863
    Jefferson Finis Davis, Proclamation concerning Military Service, Richmond, Virginia, August 1, 1863
    Henry W. Sawyer to John T. Nixon, November 1, 1863
    Abraham Lincoln, Speech at Great Central Sanitary Fair, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 16, 1864
    Bangor (ME) Whig and Courier, “The Destruction of Chambersburg,” August 2, 1864
    George F. Shepley, Orders for the Occupation of Richmond, Virginia, April 1865
    Editorial, "The Fall of Richmond and Southern Feeling," New York Times, April 6, 1865
    Editorial, "Grant's Negro Troops," Chicago Tribune, April 8, 1865
    Abraham Lincoln, Last Speech in Public, April 11, 1865
    Orlando Brown, An Official Fourth of July Address to the Freedmen of Virginia, Richmond, Virginia, July 4, 1865
    "President Johnson and His Enemies," Daily Union and American (Nashville, TN), March 28, 1866
    How to Cite This Page: "Richmond, VA," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,