Cincinnati, OH


Cincinnati, O. City, port of entry, and seat of justice of Hamilton co. Situated in the southwestern part of the state, on the N. side of the Ohio River, opposite to the mouth of Licking River, which comes inhere from Kentucky. It is 116 miles S. W. from Columbus, the capital of the state, and 494 above the mouth of the Ohio. The rapid growth of Cincinnati has been remarkable. The population in 1800 was 750; in 1810, 2540; in 1820, 9642; in 1830, 24,831; in 1840, 46,338; in 1850, 115,338. (Gazetteer of the United States of America, 1854)

    Place Unit Type
    City or Town
    Containing Unit
    Date Type
    "Peep Show" machine patented in Cincinnati, Ohio Science/Technology
    A July heatwave continues across the eastern United States Science/Technology
    A massive fire in Cincinnati, Ohio destroys the famous 1859 Pike's Opera House and other buildings Crime/Disasters
    - A Military Commission tries Clement Vallandigham in Cincinnati for "disloyal sentiments and opinions" Lawmaking/Litigating
    Baggage master killed in the wreck of a Michigan Central passenger train near Chicago Crime/Disasters
    Catholic Bishop accosted and wounded by highwaymen near Cincinnati, Ohio Crime/Disasters
    Cincinnati city solicitor Rutherford B. Hayes and his wife set out on a tour of the East Education/Culture
    Congressman Clement Vallandigham applies for a writ of "Habeus Corpus" in a Cincinnati court Lawmaking/Litigating
    Congressman Clement Vallandigham denied a writ of "Habeas Corpus" in a Cincinnati court Lawmaking/Litigating
    Earthquake shakes Virginia, North Carolina, and Ohio Crime/Disasters
    Emerson Conway, second son of Moncure Conway, is born in Cincinnati, Ohio Personal
    Entire legislatures of Kentucky and Tennessee gather in Louisville, Kentucky Business/Industry
    Entire legislatures of Kentucky and Tennessee leave Louisville, Kentucky for Cincinatti, Ohio Lawmaking/Litigating
    Eustace Conway, first son of Moncure Conway, is born in Cincinnati, Ohio Personal
    Famous trotting horse Flora Temple breaks world record for the mile in Kalamazoo, Michigan Education/Culture
    In Atlanta, the purpose-built Storrs School for Freedmen is dedicated. Education/Culture
    In Boone County, Kentucky, white "rangers" beat a freed slave and force him and his family to leave Crime/Disasters
    In Cincinnati District Court, Justice Swayne quashes an indictment for treason on constitutional grounds Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Cincinnati, Ohio, 33 year old Lucy Hobbs becomes the first woman to earn a doctorate in dentistry Education/Culture
    In Cincinnati, the United States Mail Steamboat Company replaces the tubular boilers on its new boat Business/Industry
    In Cincinnati, Wendell Phillips is forced from the stage as he attempts agitate for abolition and disunion Campaigns/Elections
    In Ohio, a Cincinnati mob attempts the lynching of the killers of two city policemen Crime/Disasters
    In Ohio, a late night fire destroys the Cincinnati Academy of Music. Crime/Disasters
    In Ohio, Associate Justice John McLean of the U.S. Supreme Court dies at his home in Cincinnati Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Ohio, two Cincinnati policemen stabbed to death in a city house of prostitution Crime/Disasters
    In Santa Fe, New Mexico Chief Justice John P. Slough dies two days after his wounding by a political rival. Crime/Disasters
    In the early morning hours, soldiers arrest Ohio Congressman C. L. Vallandigham at his home in Dayton Campaigns/Elections
    Large and angry crowds gather in Cincinnati, Ohio to protest the arrest of Congressman Vallandigham Campaigns/Elections
    Moncure Conway marries Ellen Dana in Cincinnati, Ohio Personal
    - Moncure Conway returns to America to conduct a lecture tour Personal
    - Moncure Conway serves as minister at Unitarian Church in Cincinnati, Ohio Personal
    New Mexico Chief Justice John P. Slough is shot and fatally wounded, in Santa Fe. Crime/Disasters
    Official figures state cholera epidemic raging across the country has killed more than 10,000. Crime/Disasters
    - On his American tour, Prince Albert is in Cincinnati, Ohio US/the World
    On the Mississippi, a steamboat explosion kills up to ten people, including Ohio infantrymen heading home Crime/Disasters
    President Lincoln banishes Congressman Clement Vallandigham to the Confederacy Lawmaking/Litigating
    President-Elect Abraham Lincoln visits Columbus, Ohio on his eleven-day pre-inaugural journey Campaigns/Elections
    - Sixth National Women's Rights Convention held in Cincinnati, Ohio Legal/Political
    The annual North American festival of German-American "Turner" clubs is held in Cincinnati, Ohio Education/Culture
    The eighth annual United States Agricultural Society Fair opens in Cincinnati, Ohio Business/Industry
    The Great Western Sanitary Fair opens in Cincinnati, Ohio Campaigns/Elections
    - The legislatures of Kentucky and Tennessee are hosted lavishly in Cincinatti, Ohio Business/Industry
    The legislatures of Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee meet in convention in Columbus, Ohio Business/Industry
    The National Teachers' Association holds its first convention Education/Culture
    The new record-breaking suspension bridge across the Ohio between Cincinnati and Covington officially opens. Science/Technology
    - The Prince of Wales resumes his American tour, visiting St. Louis, Missouri US/the World
    - The Prince of Wales visits Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania US/the World
    Thirteen men die in collapse during demolition of a Catholic church in Cincinnati Crime/Disasters
    Tornadoes in the Ohio Valley cause massive damage and kill more than one hundred and fifty Crime/Disasters
    Residents in 1860
    Name Type
    Spring Grove Cemetery, Cincinnati, OH Location or Site
    Date Title
    Seth Concklin to William Still, February 3, 1851
    Seth Concklin to William Still, February 18, 1851
    N. R. Johnston to William Still, March 31, 1851
    Levi Coffin to William Still, April 10, 1851
    Levi Coffin to William Still, May 11, 1851
    B. McKiernon to William Still, August 6, 1851
    William Still to B. McKiernon, August 16, 1851
    New York Times, "The Nebraska Bill in Indiana," June 16, 1854
    Memphis (TN) Appeal, "An Abolitionist in Trouble," July 20, 1854
    Louisville (KY) Journal, "Escape of Slaves," April 20, 1855
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer,“Senator Douglas and the Presidency,” December 24, 1855
    Frances Watkins Harper to William Still, March 31, 1856
    New York Times, “Explosion of a Locomotive,” January 2, 1857
    New York Times, "The American Party," March 3, 1857
    New York Times, “The Ohio Legislature and the Slavery Question,” April 22, 1857
    New York Times, “Great Excitement in Ohio,” May 30, 1857
    New York Herald, “The Late Abolition Revolutionary Proceedings in Ohio,” May 31, 1857
    Richmond (VA) Dispatch, “Excitement in Ohio,” June 1, 1857
    New York Times, "Fugitive Slaves Arrested in Cincinnati," June 15, 1857
    Washington (DC) National Era, "The Administration," June 25, 1857
    New York Times, “Where is the South?,” July 11, 1857
    Washington (DC) National Era, “Inconsistency,” October 1, 1857
    New York Times, “The Fall Elections,” October 17, 1857
    New York Herald, "The Approaching Conclusion of the Kansas Comedy," January 27, 1858
    Raleigh (NC) Register, “The Northern Democracy Split to Pieces,” June 23, 1858
    St. Louis (MO) Republican, “Let the Jubilee be General,” August 29, 1858
    New Orleans (LA) Picayune, “Quick,” January 2, 1859
    New York Times, "A Phase of Slavery," January 13, 1859
    New York Herald, "A Kentucky Planter Selling His Daughter," January 14, 1859
    Boston (MA) Liberator, "Letters from Friends of the Cause," February 18, 1859
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, “Br. [Mr.] Buchanan and the Democratic Party,” March 7, 1859
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “The Beginning of the Presidential Campaign,” April 7, 1859
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Correspondence of the Mercury," April 15, 1859
    New York Times, “When Did He Die?,” May 11, 1859
    Peter Zinn to Abraham Lincoln, September 2, 1859
    Abraham Lincoln to Peter Zinn, September 6, 1859
    Joseph Medill to Abraham Lincoln, September 10, 1859
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Abr. Lincoln,” September 14, 1859
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Mr. Lincoln in Ohio,” September 19, 1859
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Lincoln on Douglas,” September 21, 1859
    Abraham Lincoln to Thomas Corwin, October 9, 1859
    Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, “The Harper’s Ferry Insurgents,” March 15, 1860
    New York Times, "Democratic National Convention," March 17, 1860
    New York Herald, "A Mishap on the Underground Railroad," April 21, 1860
    New York Times, “The Charleston Convention,” April 24, 1860
    New York Times, “The Charleston Convention,” May 1, 1860
    New York Herald, “The Reception of the Nomination of Douglas,” June 24, 1860
    Boston (MA) Liberator, “Piracy in Cincinnati,” July 22, 1860
    Ripley (OH) Bee, "The Disunion Slave Code Candidate," October 4, 1860
    New York Herald, “Disturbance at a Breckinridge Barbecue in Kentucky,” October 14, 1860
    Abraham Lincoln to Henry J. Raymond, December 18, 1860
    Cleveland (OH) Herald, “President Lincoln’s Car,” February 11, 1861
    Louisville (KY) Journal, “Mr. Lincoln’s Speeches,” February 14, 1861
    Boston (MA) Liberator, “An Ancient and A Modern Compromise,” April 19, 1861
    Robert Anderson to Abraham Lincoln, May 19, 1861
    New York Times, “Famine Among the Confederates,” June 20, 1861
    (Concord) New Hampshire Statesman, “Andrew Johnson,” July 6, 1861
    New York Herald, “Demand for the Release of Hon. Clement L. Vallandigham,” May 24, 1863
    Abraham Lincoln, Speech at Great Central Sanitary Fair, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 16, 1864
    Otto C. Bardon, Reminiscences of the Sultana Disaster, April 27, 1865
    "Moncure Daniel Conway," Harper's Magazine, September 25, 1875.
    How to Cite This Page: "Cincinnati, OH," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,