Civil Liberties

    Date Event
    Virginia Republican arrested for circulating anti-southern literature
    John Merryman arrested in Maryland
    Chief Justice Taney finds against martial law and orders the release of John Merryman
    Philadelphia man arrested on a charge of inciting riot then freed on First Amendment grounds
    Federal troops arrest Baltimore's four Police Commissioners in pre-dawn raids on their homes
    Slave owning Philadelphian Pierce Butler, former husband of Fanny Kemble, arrested for treason
    Editor of a Southern-leaning newspaper tarred and feathered in Haverhill, Massachusetts
    - Federal troops in Maryland swoop to arrest pro-secession legislators, officials, and newspaper editors
    In New York City, prominent Catholic editor James A. McMaster arrested and his journal suspended
    U.S. Post Office excludes "disloyal" Louisville newspaper from its mails and post offices
    In Baltimore, a hotel suspected of being a Confederate mail station is raided and seized
    In Paducah, Kentucky, Union officers clash over the treatment of a local secessionist
    Former Iowa Senator George W. Jones arrested in New York and imprisoned for suspected disloyalty
    U.S. Senate Judiciary Committee finds the evidence insufficient to expel Indiana Senator Jesse Bright
    St. Louis southern sympathizer contests local tax to help refugees and lands in jail, with his lawyer
    Massachusetts court orders six men to trial for the August tarring and feathering of a Haverhill editor
    The U.S. Senate votes to expel Indiana Senator Jesse Bright as a Southern sympathizer
    Brigadier General Charles Pomeroy Stone, USA, arrested in his Washington hotel room and imprisoned
    The United States reclassifies convicted Confederate privateers as prisoners of war
    The War Department takes over all telegraph communication in the United States
    Jefferson Davis declares martial law in and around the Virginia towns of Norfolk and Portsmouth
    Jefferson Davis declares martial law in the Richmond area and also bans the production of spirits
    In Richmond, former Constitutional Unionist congressman John Minor Botts is arrested in dawn raid
    President Lincoln names Andrew Johnson the military governor of Tennessee
    Senator Lazarus Powell survives a U.S. Senate vote to expel him for "seducing citizens into rebellion and treason"
    Tennessee military governor Andrew Johnson removes the entire Nashville city council
    Friends of imprisoned Brigadier General Charles Stone seek aid from the Massachusetts Legislature
    In Philadelphia, former Secretary of War Cameron arrested and sued for false imprisonment
    Supreme Court Justice John Catron returns to Nashville to reconvene the U.S. District Court there
    A congressional committee reports that Senator Benjamin Stark of Oregon is a southern sympathizer
    In a defiant New Orleans, a mob tears down a Union flag hoisted over the U.S. Mint
    Major General Benjamin Butler begins his notorious eight months as military governor of New Orleans
    In Cincinnati District Court, Justice Swayne quashes an indictment for treason on constitutional grounds
    U.S. Navy gunboats demand the surrender of Natchez, Mississippi
    Natchez, Mississippi surrenders to U.S. Navy gunboats
    Former Whig congressman Edward Stanly appointed military governor of eastern North Carolina
    In Eastern Maryland, Judge Richard Bennett is pistol-whipped and arrested in his own courtroom
    In Union occupied New Orleans, William B. Mumford goes on trial for pulling down an American flag
    In Union occupied New Orleans, William B. Mumford is hanged for treason
    New York Herald correspondent tried for espionage
    Before a massive crowd in Ohio, Congressman Vallandigham denounces the war and President Lincoln
    In the early morning hours, soldiers arrest Ohio Congressman C. L. Vallandigham at his home in Dayton
    Large and angry crowds gather in Cincinnati, Ohio to protest the arrest of Congressman Vallandigham
    - A Military Commission tries Clement Vallandigham in Cincinnati for "disloyal sentiments and opinions"
    Congressman Clement Vallandigham applies for a writ of "Habeus Corpus" in a Cincinnati court
    Congressman Clement Vallandigham denied a writ of "Habeas Corpus" in a Cincinnati court
    In Ohio, General Burnside executes two Confederate officers arrested in Kentucky for spying
    In Albany, New York, soldiers attack a public meeting protesting the arrest of Clement Vallandigham
    President Lincoln banishes Congressman Clement Vallandigham to the Confederacy
    Indiana's Democrats hold a mass meeting at their convention in Indianapolis
    In Tennessee, exiled U.S. Congressman Clement Vallandigham is delivered to the Confederate lines
    Philadelphia Democrats hold a mass protest meeting in Independence Square
    Regional army commander Ambrose Burnside orders the closing of the Chicago Times for disloyalty
    The Illinois State Legislature strongly protests the military shutdown of the Chicago Times
    In Lancaster, Ohio, Governor Tod appears in court on charges of kidnapping and illegal imprisonment
    Opponents of the war hold a Peace Convention at the Cooper Union in New York City
    In Illinois, the Chicago Times reopens after its brief military shutdown
    New York City's editors meet to condemn infringements of the free press
    Federal draft official shot dead from ambush in Sullivan County, Indiana
    The military draft lottery resumes in New York City, more than a month after the Draft Riots
    More than a thousand names are drawn in the resumed Draft Lottery in New York's Sixteenth Ward
    In Congress, Representative Harris of Maryland is immediately censured for disloyal comments in debate
    In Congress, Representative Long of Ohio is censured for suggesting the recognition of the Confederacy
    In Maryland, Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney dies in office
    Date Title
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “An Outrage Upon the Liberty of the Press,” January 9, 1860
    Abraham Lincoln to Winfield Scott, April 25, 1861
    New York Times, “Civil and Martial Law at Baltimore,” May 30, 1861
    New York Times, “The Habeas Corpus Case,” June 4, 1861
    Chicago (IL) Tribune, “Treason in Illinois,” June 7, 1861
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “Revival of the Sedition Law,” June 13, 1861
    (Concord) New Hampshire Statesman, “The Patriot and the Merryman Case,” June 15, 1861
    Chicago (IL) Tribune, “No Lynchings,” June 21, 1861
    New York Times, “Arrest of Marshal Kane,” June 28, 1861
    Worthington G. Snethen to Winfield Scott, June 29, 1861
    Marriot Boswell to William H. Seward, July 1, 1861
    Charles B. Calvert to Abraham Lincoln, July 10, 1861
    Newark (OH) Advocate, “The Threats and Pressure Under which the President Acts,” July 12, 1861
    New York Times, “How to Treat the Vallandighams,” July 13, 1861
    (Concord) New Hampshire Statesman, “Democratic Brutality,” July 27, 1861
    Raleigh (NC) Register, “Arrest of a Traitor,” August 14, 1861
    Chicago (IL) Tribune, “Secession Organs in the North,” August 20, 1861
    Amasa Converse to Abraham Lincoln, August 28, 1861
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “The Final Blow to Liberty,” October 31, 1861
    Gen. John Dix to the U.S. Marshals in Maryland, Instructions on the upcoming State Elections, November 1, 1861
    President Jefferson Davis, Message to the Confederate Congress, November 18, 1861
    Brigadier-General Charles F. Smith, General Orders No. 36, Paducah, Kentucky, November 27, 1861
    Claiborne Fox Jackson to the Soldiers and Fellow-Citizens of Missouri, December 13, 1861
    Secretary William H. Seward to General Andrew Porter, Arrest Order for George Wallace Jones, December 19, 1861
    Major-General Henry Wager Halleck, General Order 32, Department of Missouri, December 22, 1861
    Colonel James A. Garfield to the Citizens of the Big Sandy Valley, Kentucky, January 16, 1862
    Major-General Henry W. Halleck to the Citizens of St. Louis, Missouri, January 26, 1862
    Mayor John T. Monroe to Flag-Officer David Farragut
    Abraham Lincoln to Hannibal Hamlin, April 28, 1862
    Major General Benjamin F. Butler, Proclamation to the Citizens of New Orleans, May 1, 1862
    Major General Benjamin F. Butler, General Order Number 28, May 15, 1862
    Order of the President to Major-General Burnside, May 19, 1863
    New York Herald, “Demand for the Release of Hon. Clement L. Vallandigham,” May 24, 1863
    Abraham Lincoln to Erastus Corning and others, June 12, 1863
    New York Times, “The Military and the Civil Power,” June 13, 1863
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