Columbus, OH


COLUMBUS, city, seat of justice of Franklin co., and capital of O., occupies a gentle slope on the east side of the Scioto river, 110 miles northeast of Cincinnati, and 863 miles from Washington. A large public square of 10 acres, in the centre of the city, is formed by the intersection of rectangular streets, and contains the statehouse, an imposing edifice of brick, with a cupola 106 feet above the ground, which displays an interesting view of a wide surface of country. Fronting this square, are also the federal courthouse, and a building for state purposes. The penitentiary is a solid and extensive structure of limestone. There are also asylums for the insane, and for the blind, deaf, and dumb; banks, churches, and numerous other prominent buildings. Columbus owes much of its prosperity to the circumstance of its being the seat of state government; but manufactures and trade are increasing with the facilities of communication. The Columbus Branch canal extends 10 miles, to the Ohio and Erie canal, which traverses the state from Portsmouth, on the Ohio, to Cleveland, on Lake Erie, a distance of 307 miles. The Cincinnati, Cleveland, and Columbus railroad communicates with this place. The population in 1820, was 1,400; in 1830, 2,435; in 1840, 6,048; in 1850, 16,893. (Fanning's, 1853)

    Place Unit Type
    City or Town
    Containing Unit
    Date Type
    At "Fort Fizzle" in Holmes County, Ohio, federal troops end active draft resistance Battles/Soldiers
    At Camp Chase in Ohio, two Union deserters who murdered the assistant Provost Marshal of the Seventeenth District are executed Crime/Disasters
    Governor of Ohio refuses extradition request of Tennessee for two "negro-stealers" Lawmaking/Litigating
    - Heavy rains cause flooding and damage in Pennsylvania and Ohio Crime/Disasters
    In Columbus, former Union General Jacob D. Cox is inaugurated as the twenty-eighth governor of Ohio Campaigns/Elections
    In Columbus, National Union Democrat David Tod is sworn in as the 25th Governor of Ohio Campaigns/Elections
    In Columbus, Ohio Democrats nominate the banished Clement Vallandigham for governor Campaigns/Elections
    In Columbus, Ohio, Lambdin P. Milligan walks free after almost two years in prison Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Columbus, Ohio, thousands view President Lincoln's remains during a day at the State Capitol Personal
    In Columbus, the Ohio legislature re-elects John Sherman as United States senator Campaigns/Elections
    In state elections, Ohio Republicans easily retain control of the legislature and congressional delegation. Campaigns/Elections
    Ohio Democratic State Convention splits over endorsement of the Douglas-Johnson presidential ticket Campaigns/Elections
    Ohio Republicans meet in Columbus and select Senator Chase as their choice for President Campaigns/Elections
    President Lincoln's remains spend the day in Cleveland, Ohio, on their journey west Personal
    President-Elect Abraham Lincoln arrives in Pittsburgh on his eleven-day pre-inaugural journey Campaigns/Elections
    President-Elect Abraham Lincoln visits Columbus, Ohio on his eleven-day pre-inaugural journey Campaigns/Elections
    State supreme court confirms the right of mixed race men to vote in Ohio Legal/Political
    - The legislatures of Kentucky and Tennessee are hosted lavishly in Cincinatti, Ohio Business/Industry
    The legislatures of Ohio, Kentucky and Tennessee meet in convention in Columbus, Ohio Business/Industry
    War Democrat John Brough nominated for Unionist Governor of Ohio to face Vallandigham Campaigns/Elections
    Burial Place of
    Name Type
    Green Lawn Cemetery, Columbus, OH Location or Site
    Ohio State Capitol, Columbus, OH Location or Site
    How to Cite This Page: "Columbus, OH," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,