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NEWS BY TELEGRAPH.
INTERESTING FROM WASHINGTON.
Mexican Affairs-Necessity for Recognizing the Juarez Government-Effect of the President's Special Message-The Investigating Committees-The Tariff-The Illinois Marshalship Case, &c.
Special Dispatch to the New-York Times.
WASHINGTON, Sunday, Feb. 20.
DR. JOSE W. SMITH, of Acapulco, has arrived here from Mexico with highly important dispatches, and is stopping at WILLARD'S Hotel. He is the personal friend of General ALVAREZ, who is now ready for the field with six thousand men, if he had his arms and ammunition. He converses freely and frankly relative affairs in Mexico. He brought home the report of the Hon. WM. M. CHURCHWELL, of Tennessee, the Special Agent of the United States, who went to Mexico two months ago to ascertain the condition of affairs there.
The general feeling among the best informed is, that the Liberal cause is lost forever, and the supremacy of France and England established in Mexico, unless the Government of the United States acts immediately. Nineteen-twentieths of the people are with the Liberals, but they are without the capital, and have no arms and ammunition to make their power effectual. It is believed fully that a recognition by the United States would give the Liberal Government moral support, such as would lead England immediately to abandon her intervention for the Church Party. In the even that Liberals would have little difficulty in disposing of MIRAMON, and the only remaining trouble would be in shaking off the influences of France and Spain.
MIRAMON was really preparing to march on Vera Cruz, but the expectation was that his force would be pretty well exhausted, if not cut to pieces, before he arrived there.
As you were months ago informed, Señor MATA has long had full powers to negotiate a treaty at once on behalf of the Juarez Government. You are also aware that the President has been expected to decide upon the recognition of one Government or the other as soon as he received CHURCHWELL's report. As he information now received makes it the duty of the President to immediately recognize the Juarez Government, it is presumed that Señor MATA will be at once received and the treaty negotiated. Señor MATA has been in New-York, but will doubtless be here tomorrow.: