John Brown and his surviving raiders are taken to Charlestown, Virginia under heavy guard
John Brown and four of his men, Aaron Stevens, Edwin Coppoc, Shields Green and John Copeland were taken under heavy guard to the nearby county seat at Charlestown, Virginia and held in the jail there awaiting arraignment on charges of murder, conspiring with slaves to rebel, and treason against the Commonwealth of Virginia. Watson Brown died of his wounds the same day, the second of Brown's sons killed in the raid. (By John Osborne)
John Stauffer, The Black Hearts of Men: Radical Abolitionists and the Transformation of Race (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2002), 237.