Orders from Henry Wager Halleck to William Handy Ludlow, July 15, 1863

    Source citation
    Reprinted in Lieutenant James Stradling, "The Lottery of Death," McClure's Magazine, Vol. XXVI, November to April 1905-1906 (New York: S.S. McClure Company, 1906), 99-100.
    Military record
    Date Certainty
    John Osborne
    Transcription date
    The following text is presented here in complete form, as it originally appeared in print. Spelling and typographical errors have been preserved as in the original.
    Washington, July 15th, 1863
    Colonel Ludlow, Agent for the Exchange of Prisoners of War:

    The President directs that you immediately place W. H. Lee and another officer selected by you, not below the rank of captain, prisoners of war, in close confinement and under strong guards; and that you notify Mr. R. Ould, confederate agent for exchange of prisoners of war, that if Captain H. W. Sawyer, First New-Jersey volunteer cavalry, and Captain John Flynn, Fifty-first Indiana volunteers, or any other officers or men in the service of the United States, not guilty of crimes punishable with death by the laws of war, shall be executed by the enemy, the afore-mentioned prisoners will be immediately hung in retaliation. It is also directed, that immediately on receiving official or other authentic information of the execution of Captain Sawyer and Captain Flynn, you will proceed to hang General Lee and the other rebel officer designated, as herein above directed, and that you notify Robert Ould, Esq., of said proceedings, and assure him that the Government of the United  States will proceed to retaliate for every similar barbarous violation of the laws of civilized war. 
    H. W. Halleck, General-in-Chief.  
    How to Cite This Page: "Orders from Henry Wager Halleck to William Handy Ludlow, July 15, 1863," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, https://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/40318.