Shells from General J.E.B. Stuart's horse artillery rain down on Carlisle in an evening bombardment
After forty miles in the saddle, 3,500 weary Confederate cavalry reached Carlisle in the evening. General Stuart hoped for rest, food, and remounts but instead found a Union garrison under General W.F. Smith. When Smith rejected Stuart's demand for surrender and cut down trees on East High Street as barricades, Stuart had Captain James Breathed's guns fire 134 shells into the town before marching away after midnight. (By John Osborne)
Edward Longacre, The Cavalry at Gettysburg: A Tactical Study of Mounted Operations during the Civil War's Pivotal Campaign, 9 June-14 July 1863 (Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska Press, 1993), 195-198.