Federal troops advanced into Stafford County and occupied Falmouth, the home town of Dickinson graduate Moncure Conway, after a sharp skirmish. Across the river in Fredericksburg, Confederate troops burned the bridges and withdrew. During the next five months of Union occupation of Frederiksburg and its environs, an estimated 10,000 African-Americans fled to freedom, including the slaves of Conway's father. (By John Osborne)
Frank Moore, ed., The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc. (New York: G.P. Putnam, 1862), IV: 92.