In northwest Arkansas, Union forces win a fierce three-day battle at Pea Ridge, around Elkhorn Tavern
Confederate commander Earl Van Dorn made an attempt to blunt Union General Samuel Curtis's drive into northwestern Arkansas. Efforts to cut off the Union force failed and two days of fierce fighting ensued around Pea Ridge and Elkhorn Tavern in Benton County. Though outnumbered, Union troops held their ground, killing Confederate generals Benjamin McCullough and James M. McIntosh, and on the second day drove the enemy from the field. Casualties were heavy. The Union lost 200 men killed and the Confederacy as many as 2000 killed, wounded, or captured. (By John Osborne)
Frank Moore, ed., The Rebellion Record: A Diary of American Events, with Documents, Narratives, Illustrative Incidents, Poetry, Etc. (New York: G.P. Putnam, 1862), IV: 53-54.