Place Unit Type
    Containing Unit
    Date Type
    A fourteen-year old girl gathering wood near Lourdes in rural France encounters the first of her visions of "a Lady." Religion/Philosophy
    A French plebiscite confirms popular support for the restoration of the empire Foreign
    Alfred Dreyfus, future French artillery officer and Devil's Island prisoner, is born in Alsace Foreign
    Aristide Briand, future wartime leader of France and Nobel Peace prize laureate is born in Nantes Personal
    Atlantic packet returning from France sinks off Nova Scotia and nine seamen drown Crime/Disasters
    Austria demands that Sardinia-Piedmont disarm, and issues a three-day ultimatum Foreign
    Cambodia becomes a protectorate of France, extending French influence in southeast Asia. US/the World
    Count Cavour, prime minister of Piedmont-Sardinia, assures Switzerland over the transfer of Nice to France US/the World
    Crimean War begins in earnest, as France declares war on Russia Foreign
    Emperor Napoleon III drops the requirement that Britons carry passports to enter and travel in France US/the World
    Emperor Napoleon III initiates free trade reforms in France Foreign
    France tells Austria war on Piedmont-Sardinia would mean war with France Foreign
    French amateur astronomer observes a new planet in our solar system Science/Technology
    French Emperor Napoleon III issues his official declaration of war on the Austrian Empire US/the World
    French Government appropriate ten million francs for a massive reforestation project US/the World
    French president Louis Napoleon Bonaparte abolishes universal suffrage Foreign
    - French troops are starting to depart Paris for Italy to confront the Austrians Foreign
    French troops protecting the Papal State order all demonstrations against the Vatican halted Foreign
    Future French president Raymond Poincaré born in Bar-le-Duc in Lorraine Personal
    Great Britain and France sign a landmark free trade agreement Foreign
    Great Power conference proposed in Europe to head off war between Austria and Piedmont-Sardinia Foreign
    Harriet Taylor Mill, wife of and collaborator with John Stuart Mill, dies at Avignon in France Personal
    In France, liberal politicians hold the first in a series of constitutional reform "banquets" US/the World
    In Italy, the inhabitants of Savoy vote in a plebiscite on whether their province will become part of France US/the World
    In Italy, the results of the recent plebiscite in Savoy confirms that the province will become part of France US/the World
    - Inhabitants of Nice voting in a plebiscite on whether their district will become part of France US/the World
    Italian nationalists in Florence overthrow the Hapsburg Grand Duke Leopold II of Tuscany US/the World
    Jean Jaurès, the French socialist hero, is born at Castre in south-western France Foreign
    Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, the leading Neoclassical painter of his day, dies in at his home in France. Personal
    Just arrived in New York City, French billiard champion Claudius Berger gives his first American exhibition Education/Culture
    King Victor-Emmanuel of Piedmont-Sardinia explains the transfer of Nice and Savoy to France Foreign
    Loaded passenger/cargo ship burns in New York's North River Crime/Disasters
    Louis Napoleon Bonaparte escapes from prison in France US/the World
    Louis Napoleon Bonaparte holds a plebiscite confirming French support for his coup d'etat Foreign
    Mexico suspends interest payments on it foreign debts and causes consternation in Europe US/the World
    Piedmont-Sardinia rejects Austria's call to disarm Foreign
    Plans for the plebiscite on the transfer of Nice and Savoy from Piedmont-Sardinia to France are published Foreign
    - Powerful gales wreak havoc across the British Isles and north-west Europe Crime/Disasters
    - Queen Victoria visits France Foreign
    - Several nights of heavy gales wreak havoc on shipping around coasts of Britain and northern France Crime/Disasters
    Switzerland once again protests the transfer of Nice and Savoy from Piedmont-Sardinia to France US/the World
    Switzerland protest the pending French annexation of Savoy US/the World
    The Austrian Empire declares war on Sardinia-Piedmont US/the World
    The Austrian Empire mobilizes in response to the war preparations of Piedmont-Sardinia Foreign
    The Bank of England raises its discount rate as financial disruption in the United States effects Europe Business/Industry
    The French Navy launches the world's first ironclad ocean-going warship Science/Technology
    The Irish future Nobel Prize for Literature winner William Butler Yeats is born in Dublin Education/Culture
    The Italian Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia mobilizes its armed forces for war with Austria Foreign
    The newly purchased Confederate ship "Rappahannock" slips out of its English Channel port at midnight Battles/Soldiers
    The Swiss Federal Council says Switzerland will defend itself and its neutrality, by force if need be Foreign
    The United States and several European powers sign a joint trade agreement with Japan. US/the World
    Thousands see American emigrant ship founder off French coast Crime/Disasters
    Treaty negotiations successfully conclude the late war between France, Austria, and Piedmont US/the World
    Treaty of Bayonne between France and Spain sets their international borders Foreign
    Name Type
    Biarritz, France City or Town
    Bordeaux, France City or Town
    Boulogne, France City or Town
    Brest, France City or Town
    Cannes, France City or Town
    Castillon-en-Couserans, France City or Town
    Cherbourg, France City or Town
    Lauw, France City or Town
    Le Havre, France City or Town
    Marseille, France City or Town
    Nice, France City or Town
    Paris, France City or Town
    Pau, France City or Town
    Plombières-les-Bains, France City or Town
    Date Title
    Debate Over Thanks to Gen. Taylor and Army Resolution, US Senate, February 3, 1847
    New York Times, “Important from the South,” June 23, 1857
    New York Times, “Alleged Renewal of the Slave-Trade,” July 14, 1857
    New York Times, “The President and the Filibusters,” November 23, 1858
    New York Times, "News By Telegraph," February 21, 1859
    New York Herald, “A Foreigner View of Black Republicanism,” May 1, 1859
    Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "Northern Impertinences with Regard to the Late Affair at Harpers Ferry," October 24, 1859
    New York Times, "Spanish Subjects and American Citizens," March 17, 1860
    Boston (MA) Advertiser, “Relations with Japan in Jeopardy,” June 30, 1860
    New York Herald, “The World Does Move,” October 30, 1860
    Richmond (VA) Dispatch, “Will England Recognize the Southern Confederacy?,” January 26, 1861
    Richmond (VA) Dispatch, “Iron-Plated Ships,” February 5, 1861
    New York Herald, “The Present Administration Doing What The Last Should Have Done,” April 16, 1861
    New York Times, “How to End the War,” April 24, 1861
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "A New Difficulty," April 29, 1861
    San Francisco (CA) Evening Bulletin, “The Lack of “Improved” Firearms in the South,” June 5, 1861
    New York Times, “Are They Pirates?,” June 23, 1861
    Newark (OH) Advocate, “The Impending Danger,” July 5, 1861
    New York Herald, “Mason and Slidell,” November 17, 1861
    Proclamation of the Allied Commissioners to the People of Mexico, Vera Cruz, January 10, 1862
    How to Cite This Page: "France," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,