Dix, John Adams

Life Span
    Full name
    John Adams Dix
    Place of Birth
    Birth Date Certainty
    Death Date Certainty
    Sectional choice
    Free State
    Attorney or Judge
    Political Parties
    Free Soil
    Pierce Administration (1853-57)
    Buchanan Administration (1857-61)
    Johnson Administration (1865-69)
    US Senate
    State legislature
    Other state government
    US military (Pre-Civil War)
    Union Army

    John Adams Dix (Congressional Biographical Dictionary)

    DIX, John Adams,  (son-in-law of John Jordan Morgan), a Senator from New York; born in Boscawen, N.H., July 24, 1798; completed preparatory studies; during the War of 1812 was appointed a cadet, promoted to ensign, and took part in the operations on the Canadian frontier; served in the United States Army until 1828, having attained the rank of captain; studied law and was admitted to the bar in Washington, D.C.; settled in Cooperstown, N.Y., and began the practice of law; moved to Albany in 1830, having been appointed adjutant general of the State and served from 1831 to 1833; canal commissioner; member, State assembly 1842; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Silas Wright, Jr., and served from January 27, 1845, to March 3, 1849; was not a candidate for reelection, having become a candidate for Governor; chairman, Committee on Pensions (Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Congresses), Committee on Commerce (Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth Congresses); unsuccessful Free-Soil candidate for Governor in 1848; Assistant Treasurer of the United States at New York 1853; appointed postmaster of the city of New York 1860-1861; appointed Secretary of the Treasury by President James Buchanan 1861; served in the Union Army as major general 1861-1865; United States Minister to France 1866-1869; Governor of New York 1873-1875; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1874 and for election as mayor of New York City in 1876; died in New York City, April 21, 1879; interment in Trinity Cemetery.
    “Dix, John Adams,” Biographical Directory of the United States Congress, 1774 to Present, http://bioguide.congress.gov/scripts/biodisplay.pl?index=D000365.
    Date Event
    In New York City, Democrats meet to ratify a united front in November against Lincoln and the Republicans
    Treasury Secretary Dix issues his order to "shoot on the spot" anyone hauling down the national flag
    Louisiana seizes the United States Mint and the United States Customs House in New Orleans
    Remarkable gathering of 100,000 New Yorkers in Union Square in support of suppressing the rebellion
    In Maryland, Unionists triumph in the statewide elections and Augustus Bradford is elected as governor
    In snowy Washington, imprisoned spy Rose Greenhow meets with the Commission on Political Prisoners
    In Eastern Maryland, Judge Richard Bennett is pistol-whipped and arrested in his own courtroom
    The War Department decides that Generals Fremont and McClellan outrank General Benjamin Butler
    In Charleston Harbor, General Robert Anderson re-hoists the United States flag over Fort Sumter
    Volunteer Generals Butler and Dix end their Civil War military service
    In New York CIty, the Seventh Regiment, New York National Guard hold a gala dress ball for its war veterans
    - In Philadelphia, Democrats and conservatives gather for the National Union Convention.
    In Chicago, the cornerstone of the monument at the grave of Stephen Douglas is dedicated.
    - In Cleveland, Ohio, the Democratic-aligned Soldiers and Sailors Union, holds its first annual convention.
    How to Cite This Page: "Dix, John Adams," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, https://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/index.php/node/5579.