Underground Railroad

The Underground Railroad was a metaphor first used by antislavery advocates in the 1840s to describe the increasingly organized and aggressive efforts to help slaves escape from bondage. The fight over fugitive slaves then became one of the primary causes of the Civil War. (By Matthew Pinsker)
On
Date Event
The McClintock Riot takes place in Carlisle, Pennsylvania
The McClintock Riot trial is held in Carlisle, Pennsylvania
Four slaves run away from Edward Gorsuch's plantation in Maryland
Tubman returns to Maryland to rescue her niece
Mob frees fugitive Shadrach Minkins after his arrest in Boston
Gap Gang in Lancaster County, Pennsylvania, kidnaps older black resident
Spy informs Edward Gorsuch about location of his runaway slaves
Edward Gorsuch arrives in Philadelphia seeking warrants for his runaways
Commissioner Ingraham grants warrants for Gorsuch slaves and appoints Kline to head posse
Vigilance agent follows Gorsuch posse
Gorsuch posse breaks apart over fears about Vigilance Committee spying
- Returning to Dorchester County again, Tubman attempts to bring her brothers to freedom
Robert Brown, a fugitive slave from Virginia, arrives in Philadelphia after crossing Potomac on horseback
New York Times reports on runaway slave in Kansas
Runaway slaves pass through Albany, NY with help from local officials
Runaway slave receives congratulations at State Capitol building in Albany, NY
Runaway slave named Richard arrives in Philadelphia after escaping from naval officer
A group of eight slaves from Maryland arrive safely in Canada
- Harriet Tubman brings her parents to Canada
A fugitive named Addison nearly kills slave-catchers while running in Illinois
John Kintzing Kane, the U.S. District Judge who ruled against Passmore Williamson in the Jane Johnson case, dies in Philadelphia
Fugitive slave John Price arrested in Oberlin, Ohio but freed by a anti-slavery mob in nearby Wellington
Mary Brown arrives at James Miller McKim's home in Philadelphia
Porter on steamship sentenced to death in South Carolina for helping escaped slave stow away
In Virginia, Richmond police raid secret meeting of African-American group called "The Sons of Ham"
Leading a crowd in Troy, New York, Harriet Tubman rescues runaway Charles Nalle
- Two South Carolina slaves stow away aboard Boston bound steamer; one escapes, one does not
African-American slave defects with his Confederate dispatch boat from Charleston Harbor
Maryland slaveholders meet President Lincoln to complain about non-enforcement of Fugitive Slave Act
George Luther Stearns, leading abolitionist and member of "the Secret Six' dies of pneumonia in New York City.
William Still publishes his records
James Miller McKim dies in his New Jersey home
Date Title
Rutherford Family (1845)
Entry by John McClintock, June 2, 1847
Louisville (KY) Journal, "Negro Stealing," December 14, 1847
New York Herald, "The Fugitive Slave," December 30, 1847
Mary B. Thomas to William Still, April 19, 1848
Carlisle (PA) Herald & Expositor, "Interesting Slave Case," November 29, 1848
(Bellows Falls) Vermont Chronicle, “Interesting Case,” December 6, 1848
Boston (MA) Herald, “The Fugitive Slaves from Georgia,” January 27, 1849
William Still Recalls "Box" Brown's Escape
Boston (MA) Courier, “Runaway Slave Decision,” June 25, 1849
Carlisle (PA) Herald, "In the Surpreme Court of Penn'a," June 27, 1849
Boston (MA) Emancipator & Republican, “Important Decision,” June 28, 1849
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "More Runaway Slaves," January 10, 1850
New York Herald, "A Nest of Runaway Slaves Captured by Pennsylvanians," August 11, 1850
Seth Concklin to William Still, February 3, 1851
Seth Concklin to William Still, February 18, 1851
N. R. Johnston to William Still, March 31, 1851
N. R. Johnston to William Still, April 1, 1851
Levi Coffin to William Still, April 10, 1851
Miss Theodocia Gilbert to William Still, May 1, 1851
Boston (MA) Herald, “Satisfied with his Condition,” May 1, 1851
Levi Coffin to William Still, May 11, 1851
B. McKiernon to William Still, August 6, 1851
William Still to B. McKiernon, August 16, 1851
William Padgett to Edward Gorsuch, August 28, 1851
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "The Difference between a Free Negro and a Fugitive Slave," October 7, 1851
New York Times, "An Abolitionist Seen Aiding Fugitive Slaves to Escape," October 9, 1851
Rochester (NY) Frederick Douglass’ Paper, “Report,” March 4, 1852
New York Times, “More Fugitive Slaves,” May 14, 1852
Boston (MA) Herald, “Fugitive Slave Case,” May 18, 1852
New York Times, “Arrest and Rescue of Fugitive Slaves,” October 22, 1852
New York Times, "Runaway Slave Found," October 28, 1852
New York Times, “Attempted Arrest of Fugitive Slaves,” November 8, 1852
Louisville (KY) Journal, "Underground Railroad," November 19, 1852
New York Times, "Runaway Slaves," November 26, 1852
New York Times, “Louisiana Legislature,” December 11, 1852
John Henry Hill to William Still, 1853
Philadelphia Vigilance Committee Journal, April 3, 1853
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Underground Railroad," April 26, 1853
John Henry Hill to William Still, October 4, 1853
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Underground Railroad," October 24, 1853
John Henry Hill to William Still, October 30, 1853
John Henry Hill to Philadelphia Vigilance Committee, November 1, 1853
John Henry Hill to William Still, November 12, 1853
Boston (MA) Herald, “A Stampede,” November 15, 1853
John Henry Hill to William Still, December 29, 1853
John Henry Hill to William Still, January 19, 1854
Louisville (KY) Journal, "Freight on the Underground Railroad," January 21, 1854
Solomon Brown to William Still, February 20, 1854
Issac Forman to William Still, February 20, 1854
John Clayton to William Still, March 6, 1854
John Henry Hill to William Still, March 8, 1854
James M. Mercer to William Still, March 17, 1854
John Henry Hill to William Still, March 18, 1854
Boston (MA) Herald, “Fugitives,” March 20, 1854
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "Underground Operations," April 29, 1854
Issac Forman to William Still, May 7, 1854
William Henry Gilliam to William Still, May 15, 1854
New York Herald, "The Boston Fugitive Case," June 3, 1854
William Henry Gilliam to William Still, June 8, 1854
New York Times, "The Nebraska Bill in Indiana," June 16, 1854
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Northern Springs," June 20, 1854
Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, June 22, 1854
Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, June 27, 1854
Memphis (TN) Appeal, "An Abolitionist in Trouble," July 20, 1854
Hiram Wilson to William Still, July 24, 1854
Frances Watkins Harper to William Still, August 1, 1854
W. H. Atkins to William Still, August 4, 1854
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Starving Fugitive Slaves in Canada," August 11, 1854
John Atkinson to William Still, September 4, 1854
John Henry Hill to William Still, September 14, 1854
Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, October 3, 1854
John Atkinson to William Still, October 5, 1854
W. H. Atkins to William Still, October 5, 1854
Ellen Saunders to William Still, October 16, 1854
Frances Watkins Harper to William Still, October 20, 1854
New York Herald, “A Singular Slave Case in Indiana,” December 18, 1854
Thomas Garrett to James Miller McKim, December 29, 1854
Samuel W. Johnson to William Still, 1855
Abigail Goodwin to William Still, January 1, 1855
John Henry Hill to William Still, January 7, 1855
Abigail Goodwin to William Still, January 25, 1855
J. B. Smith to William Still, January 25, 1855
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "The Underground Railroad," January 26, 1855
Sheridan Ford to William Still, February 15, 1855
Emma Brown to William Still, March 14, 1855
Abigail Goodwin to William Still, March 25, 1855
Joseph Robinson to William Still, April 16, 1855
Louisville (KY) Journal, "Escape of Slaves," April 20, 1855
Albert Metter to William Still, June 1, 1855
Thomas Bayne to William Still, June 23, 1855
Hiram Wilson to William Still, June 28, 1855
Hiram Wilson to William Still, July 2, 1855
Hiram Wilson to William Still, July 6, 1855
Boston (MA) Herald, "Workings of the Underground Railroad," July 25, 1855
Abigail Goodwin to William Still, August 1, 1855
Boston (MA) Liberator, “The Philadelphia Slave Case,” August 17, 1855
S. H. Gay to William Still, August 17, 1855
Samuel Miles to William Still, August 20, 1855
Hiram Wilson to William Still, August 20, 1855
N. R. Johnston to William Still, September 1, 1855
Abigail Goodwin to William Still, September 9, 1855
Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, September 9, 1855
Louisville (KY) Journal, "Untitled," September 29, 1855
Boston (MA) Herald, "The Fugitive Slave Case," October 10, 1855
Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, October 12, 1855
Frances Hilliard to William Still, October 15, 1855
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Late Tragedy," October 16, 1855
Miss. G. A. Lewis to William Still, October 28, 1855
Miss. G. A. Lewis to William Still, October 29, 1855
Louisville (KY) Journal, "The U.G.R.R.," November 1, 1855
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Underground Railroad," November 7, 1855
Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, November 10, 1855
Henry Washington to William Still, November 12, 1855
Memphis (TN) Appeal, "Arrest of Judge Kane," November 20, 1855
Thomas Garrett to William Still, November 21, 1855
Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, November 26, 1855
Elijah Funk Pennypacker to William Still, November 29, 1855
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "Runaways Returned," November 29, 1855
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Return of Fugitives," December 5, 1855
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Underground Railroad," December 6, 1855
Thomas Garrett to William Still, December 19, 1855
Thomas Garrett to William Still, December 26, 1855
N. R. Johnston to William Still, December 26, 1855
Mrs. Brittion to William Still, January 22, 1856
Hezekiah Hill to William Still, January 24, 1856
Agnes Willis to William Still, January 28, 1856
New York Herald, "Threatened Civil War Between Virginia and Pennsylvania," January 31, 1856
Anthony and Albert Brown to William Still, March 7, 1856
New York Herald, “Law to Protect Slave Property in Virginia,” March 22, 1856
Thomas Garrett to William Still, March 23, 1856
Thomas Garrett to William Still, March 23, 1856
Joseph C. Bustill to William Still, March 24, 1856
John Hall to William Still, March 25, 1856
Frances Watkins Harper to William Still, March 31, 1856
Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, April 3, 1856
Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, April 23, 1856
Joseph C. Bustill to William Still, April 28, 1856
Thomas Garrett to James Miller McKim and William Still, May 11, 1856
Joseph C. Bustill to William Still, May 31, 1856
Harriet Eglin to William Still, June 1, 1856
James H. Forman to William Still, June 5, 1856
Anthony Brown to William Still, June 26, 1856
Thomas Garrett to William Still, July 19, 1856
James H. Forman to William Still, July 24, 1856
New York Herald, "Our Boston Correspondance," July 26, 1856
New York Herald, "Breakdown on the Underground Railroad," July 26, 1856
Abigail Goodwin to William Still, July 30, 1856
Harriet Eglin to William Still, July 31, 1856
New Orleans (LA) Picayune, "Runaways in Canada," August 9, 1856
Robert Jones to William Still, August 9, 1856
Daniel Robertson to William Still, August 11, 1856
John Henry Hill to William Still, August 15, 1856
N. Coryell to William Still, August 18, 1856
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "Slave Stampede," August 22, 1856
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Underground Railroad," August 25, 1856
Frances Watkins Harper to William Still, September 12, 1856
John Hall to William Still, September 15, 1856
John Henry Hill to William Still, September 15, 1856
Hiram Wilson to William Still, September 15, 1856
Henry James Morris to William Still, September 18, 1856
Thomas Garrett to William Still, September 26, 1856
Jefferson Pipkins to William Still, September 28, 1856
Mr. N. Coryell to William Still, September 29, 1856
John Hall to William Still, September 29, 1856
Jermain Wesley Loguen to William Still, October 5, 1856
Harriet Eglin to William Still, October 28, 1856
Boston (MA) Herald, "Untitled," October 31, 1856
Thomas Garrett to James Miller McKim and William Still, November 4, 1856
Thomas Garrett to William Still, November 6, 1856
Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, December 9, 1856
L. D. Mansfield to William Still, December 15, 1856
N. R. Johnston to William Still, December 18, 1856
John Hall to William Still, December 23, 1856
Frances Watkins Harper to William Still, January 1, 1857
William Jones to William Still, January 1, 1857
Mr. N. Coryell to William Still, January 2, 1857
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "A Case in Point," January 3, 1857
John Henry Hill to William Still, January 5, 1857
John Thompson to William Still, January 6, 1857
New York Times, "Return of a Fugitive Slave," January 19, 1857
Thomas F. Page to William Still, February 25, 1857
Thomas Garrett to Samuel Rhoads, March 13, 1857
William Brinkly to William Still, March 23, 1857
Thomas Garrett to William Still, March 27, 1857
Thomas Garrett to William Still, April 1, 1857
James Massey to Henrietta Massey, April 27, 1857
Lewis Cobb to William Still, April 25, 1857
J. W. C. Pennington to William Still, May 24, 1854
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "The Fate and the Folly of Compromises," May 25, 1857
G. S. Nelson to William Still, May 27, 1857
C. L. Groce to Luke, May 28, 1857
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Underground Railroad to Canada," May 29, 1857
New York Herald, “The Late Abolition Revolutionary Proceedings in Ohio,” May 31, 1857
Lewis Cobb to William Still, June 2, 1857
Thomas Garrett to William Still, June 9, 1857
New York Times, "Fugitive Slaves Arrested in Cincinnati," June 15, 1857
Agnes Willis to William Still, June 15, 1857
Perry H. Trusty to William Still, June 21, 1857
E. L. Stevens to William Still, July 8, 1857
Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, July 12, 1857
E. L. Stevens to William Still, July 13, 1857
Richard Edons to William Still, July 20, 1857
New York Times, “A Woman Fleeing from Slavery with her Children Arrested,” July 24, 1857
Elijah Hilton to William Still, July 28, 1857
Manual T. White to William Still, July 29, 1857
New York Times, “A Negro Assailing a White Man,” August 10, 1857
Hiram Wilson to William Still, August 12, 1857
Thomas Garrett to William Still, September 6, 1857
Earro Weems to William Still, September 19, 1857
John Augusta to William Still, October 18, 1857
John Delaney (Oscar Ball) to William Still, October 25, 1857
Thomas Garrett to William Still, October 31, 1857
John H. Dade to William Still, November 1, 1857
Thomas Garrett to William Still, November 5, 1857
Miss G. A. Lewis to William Still, November 6, 1857
Elijah Funk Pennypacker to William Still, November 7, 1857
Joseph Ball to William Still, November 7, 1857
Thomas Garrett to William Still, November 14, 1857
Samuel Pattison to L. W. Thompson, November 16, 1857
John Delaney (Oscar Ball) to William Still, November 21, 1857
Washington (DC) National Era, “Colored Population of Canada,” November 26, 1857
Thomas Garrett to William Still, November 25, 1857
Thomas Garrett to William Still, November 25, 1857
New York Times, “Fugitive Slave Case at Ann Arbor, Mich,” December 4, 1857
Charleston (SC) Mercury, “The Runaway Slave in Brooklyn, N.Y.,” December 9, 1857
New York Times, “Escape of Negroes,” December 12, 1857
William Brady to William Still, December 17, 1857
New York Herald, "The Kansas Trouble in Congress," January 3, 1858
Thomas Garrett to William Still, February 5, 1858
Abigail Goodwin to William Still, February 10, 1858
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Runaway Negros," February 15, 1858
Edmund Turner to Slaveholders, March 1, 1858
Edmund Turner to William Still, March 1, 1858
N. R. Johnston to William Still, April 3, 1858
Boston (MA) Herald, "Rescue of a Slave from the U.S. Marshal at Blairsville, PA," April 9, 1858
Hiram Wilson and Orlando J. Hunt to William Still, May 6, 1858
Louisa F. Jones to William Still, May 15, 1858
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, "The Underground Railroad," June 1, 1858
John Henry Hill to William Still, June 5, 1858
William Cooper to William Still, June 9, 1858
Nat Ambie to William Still, June 10, 1858
Anonymous to William Still, June 13, 1858
Louisville (KY) Journal, "The U.G. Railroad," June 22, 1858
Edmund Turner to William Still, June 22, 1858
Charleston (SC) Mercury, “A Change of Sentiment,” July 9, 1858
Ezra L. Stevens to William Still, July 11, 1858
George Ballard to William Still, July 19, 1858
New York Herald, "The Late Meeting of Maryland Slaveholders," July 23, 1858
John B. Woods to William Still, August 15, 1858
Thomas Garrett to William Still, August 21, 1858
Thomas Garrett to William Still, August 25, 1858
Boston (MA) Liberator, “Underground Railroad,” August 27, 1858
Thomas Garrett to William Still and James Miller McKim, September 6, 1858
Thomas F. Page to William Still, October 6, 1858
Boston (MA) Liberator, “The Underground Railroad,” October 8, 1858
Israel Whitney to William Still, October 16, 1858
Milwaukee (WI) Sentinel, “Stampede of Slaves and a Battle,” November 12, 1858
Thomas Garrett to William Still and James Miller McKim, November 21, 1858
Hiram Wilson to William Still, November 30, 1858
Lowell (MA) Citizen & News, “Sentence of a Slave Abductor,” December 2, 1858
Charleston (SC) Mercury, “Rescuing a Fugitive Slave,” December 14, 1858
Jacob Blockson to William Still, December 26, 1858
Charleston (SC) Mercury, “A Runaway Slave from Georgia Captured,” January 3, 1859
New York Times, "A Phase of Slavery," January 13, 1859
New York Herald, "A Kentucky Planter Selling His Daughter," January 14, 1859
New York Herald, “Another Grand Scheme of Annexation,” January 22, 1859
Lewis Burrell to William Still, February 2, 1859
- New York Times, "May A Negro Go To College?," February 10, 1859
New York Times, “The Fugitive Slave Law,” March 4, 1859
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Manumission of a Whole Drove of Slaves,” March 5, 1859
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Slave Stealing in Missouri," March 8, 1859
Louisville (KY) Journal, “‘U. G.’ Railroad Statistics,” March 14, 1859
New York Times, "The Underground Railroad," March 28, 1859
Boston (MA) Liberator, “‘Old Brown’s’ Company of Rescued Slaves Burnt Out,” April 8, 1859
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Correspondence of the Mercury," April 15, 1859
Ripley (OH) Bee, “Negroes in Canada,” April 23, 1859
Charleston (SC) Mercury, “A Fugitive Slave Returned to Florida,” May 18, 1859
(Jackson) Mississippian, “A Desperate Runaway Negro,” May 31, 1859
New York Times, “The Hyannis Fugitive Slave Case,” June 4, 1859
John Hays to Charles Francis Himes, June 20, 1859
New York Times, “The Underground Railroad in Orange County,” July 1, 1859
New York Herald, "The Underground Railroad," August 14, 1859
New York Herald,“Attempt of a Slave to Escape,” August 20, 1859
Thomas Garrett to William Still, August 25, 1859
Boston (MA) Liberator, “Meetings in Boston,” August 26, 1859
Stepney Brown to William Still, August 27, 1859
John Scott to William Still, September 1, 1859
New Orleans (LA) Picayune, "Monthly Passes to Negros," October 22, 1859
New York Herald, "Runaway Slaves in Canada," November 1, 1859
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, "They Have Overdone It!," November 2, 1859
William Donar to William Still, November 3, 1859
Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, "The Underground Railroad," November 3, 1859
Fayetteville (NC) Observer,“Another Ray of Light,” November 7, 1859
Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, "Harper's Ferry Trouble," November 10, 1859
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, “Crime Among Fugitive Negroes,” November 18, 1859
Mrs. M. Brooks to William Still, November 21, 1859
New York Herald, “The South and Southern Safety,” December 4, 1859
Charleston (SC) Courier, “The Hyannis Case,” December 15, 1859
Mrs. M. Brooks to William Still, January 2, 1860
New York Herald, “The Runaway Slaves,” January 5, 1860
New York Herald, "The Underground Railroad and Its Victims," January 5, 1860
Richmond (VA) Dispatch, “The Underground Railroad,” January 7, 1860
New York Herald, "Effect of our Account of The Fugitive Slaves in Canada," January 13, 1860
New York Herald, "The Maryland Legislature and the Underground Railroad," January 19, 1860
New York Herald, “Trouble Among the Canadian Negroes,” January 20, 1860
Boston (MA) Herald, “A Conflict of the Races in Canada,” January 23, 1860
Savannah (GA) News,“The Negro Riots in Canada,” January 30, 1860
Savannah (GA) News, “The Underground Railroad,” February 3, 1860
New York Herald, “A Competent Witness in the John Brown Investigation,” February 5, 1860
New York Herald, "The Colored Refugees in Canada," February 6, 1860
Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, "Negro Excitement in Newburgh," March 1, 1860
Stepney Brown to William Still, March 3, 1860
John William Dungy to William Still, March 3, 1860
New York Times, "Senator Brown on International Law," March 8, 1860
Anna H. Richardson to William Still, March 16, 1860
John William Dungy to William Still, April 20, 1860
New York Herald, "A Mishap on the Underground Railroad," April 21, 1860
Cleveland (OH) Herald, “Slave Rescued,” April 28, 1860
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Depot of the Underground Railroad in Detroit," May 2, 1860
Anna H. Richardson to William Still, May 3, 1860
John W. Jones to William Still, June 6, 1860
Boston (MA) Herald, “A Fugitive,” June 7, 1857
Anna H. Richardson to William Still, June 8, 1860
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Another Case,” July 11, 1860
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "The Terrors of Submission," October 11, 1860
New York Herald , "Vindication of the Fugitive Slave Law in Ottawa," October 13, 1860
Ham & Eggs to William Still, October 17, 1860
A Slave to William Still, October 18, 1860
Stepney Brown to William Still, October 25, 1860
New York Herald, “The Meeting of Congress,” November 28, 1860
Thomas Garrett to William Still, December 1, 1860
New York Times, “The Toronto Fugitive Slave Case,” December 15, 1860
John Thompson to William Still, December 21, 1860
Anna H. Richardson to William Still, December 28, 1860
John William Dungy to William Still, January 11, 1861
Cleveland (OH) Herald, “The Fugitive Case,” January 24, 1861
C. A. to William Still, February 16, 1861
Memphis (TN) Appeal, "The Underground Railroad," April 9, 1861
Hiram Corson to Robert Corson, November 1, 1871
John Hunn to William Still, November 7, 1871
William Whipper to William Still, December 4, 1871
Daniel Bonsall to William Still, 1872
Chicago Style Entry Link
Whitman, T. Stephen. " ‘Just Over the Line’: Chester County and the Underground Railroad." Journal of American History 90, no. 1 (June 2003): 179-183.
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Bradley, David. The Chaneysville Incident: A Novel. New York: Harper & Row, 1981.

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Buckmaster, Henrietta. Let My People Go: The Story of the Underground Railroad and the Growth of the Abolition Movement. Boston: Beacon Press, 1959.

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Klees, Emerson. Underground Railroad Tales: With Routes through the Finger Lakes Region. Rochester, NY: Friends of the Finger Lakes Pub, 1997.

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Zygmunt, Elizabeth. "Region's Underground Railroad History Revived." Northeast Pennsylvania Business Journal 20, no. 4 (March 1, 2005): 29.

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Adams, Samuel Hopkins. "Slave in the Family." The New Yorker 23 (December 1947): 32-36. View Record
Baker, Eric. "A Yankee Lieutenant Rides the Underground Railroad." Military Images 15, no. 4 (1994): 12-15. View Record
Bayliss, John F. Black Slave Narratives. New York: Macmillan, 1970. View Record
Bentley, Judith. Dear Friend: Thomas Garrett & William Still, Collaborators on the Underground Railroad. New York: Cobblehill Books, 1997. View Record
Blight, David W. Passages to Freedom: The Underground Railroad in History and Memory. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Books in Association with the National Underground Railroad Freedom Center, 2004. View Record
Blockson, Charles L. African Americans in Pennsylvania: Above Ground and Underground: An Illustrated Guide. Harrisburg, PA: RB Books, 2001. View Record
Blockson, Charles L. Hippocrene Guide to the Underground Railroad. New York: Hippocrene Books, 1994. View Record
Blockson, Charles L. The Underground Railroad in Pennsylvania. Jacksonville, NC: Flame International, 1981. View Record
Blockson, Charles L. The Underground Railroad: Dramatic Firsthand Accounts of Daring Escapes to Freedom. New York: Prentice-Hall, 1987. View Record
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Boone, William A. "The Tracks Lead South: An Underground Railroad from Texas into Mexico." Journal of Big Bend Studies 15 (2003): 69-82. View Record
Bordewich, Fergus M. "Digging into a Historic Rivalry: Abolitionist Thaddeus Stevens Has Long Been Eclipsed by His Pennsylvania Neighbor President James Buchanan, but Recent Archaeological Findings Are Elevating the Reputation of the Architect of Reconstruction." Smithsonian 34, no. 11 (2004): 96-107. View Record
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Bracey, John H., August Meier, and Elliott M. Rudwick. Blacks in the Abolitionist Movement. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth Pub. Co., 1971. View Record
Bradford, Sarah H. Scenes in the Life of Harriet Tubman. Auburn, NY: W.J. Moses, 1869. View Record
Bramble, Linda. Black Fugitive Slaves in Early Canada. Vanwell History Project Series. St. Catharines, ON: Vanwell Pub. Co., 1988. View Record
Brandt, Nat, and Yanna Brandt. In the Shadow of the Civil War: Passmore Williamson and the Rescue of Jane Johnson. Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2007. View Record
Brandt, Nat. The Town that Started the Civil War. Syracuse, NY: Syracuse University Press, 1990. View Record
Brawley, Benjamin Griffith. Negro Builders and Heroes. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1937. View Record
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Brown, Henry "Box". Narrative of the Life of Henry Box Brown. New York: Oxford University Press, 2002. View Record
Brown, Ira V. "Miller McKim and Pennsylvania Abolitionism." Pennsylvania History 30, no. 1 (1963): 56-72. View Record
Brown, Maxine F. The Role of Free Blacks in Indiana's Underground Railroad: The Case of Floyd, Harrison, and Washington Counties. Indianapolis: Indiana Deptartment of Natural Resources, 2001. View Record
Browne, John W., and Irving H. Bartlett. "Abolitionists, Fugitives, and Imposters in Boston, 1846-1847." New England Quarterly 55, no. 1 (1982): 97-110. View Record
Buckmaster, Henrietta. Flight to Freedom: The Story of the Underground Railroad. New York: Crowell, 1958. View Record
Burke, Henry Robert and Dick Croy. The River Jordan: A True Story of the Underground Railroad. Marietta, OH: Watershed Books, 1999. View Record
Calarco, Tom. The Underground Railroad in the Adirondack Region. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2004. View Record
Chadwick, Bruce. Traveling the Underground Railroad : A Visitor's Guide to More than 300 Sites. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Pub. Group, 1999. View Record
Cheney, Ednah Dow Littlehale. "Moses." Freedmen's Record, March, 1865. View Record
Chiaverini, Jennifer. The Runaway Quilt: An Elm Creek Quilts Novel. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2002. View Record
Chism, Kahlil. "Harriet Tubman: Spy, Veteran, and Widow." Magazine of History 19 (2005): 47-51. View Record
Clark, Margaret Goff. Freedom Crossing. New York: Scholastic Book Services, 1980. View Record
Clinton, Catherine. "How did Women Participate in the Underground Railroad?" Women and Social Movements, 1600-2000 8, no. 3 (2004). View Record
Clinton, Catherine. "On the Road to Harriet Tubman." American Heritage 55 (2004): 44-49. View Record
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