Missouri

Boundaries and Extent. — Missouri is bounded north by the State of Iowa; east by the Mississippi River, which separates it from the States of Illinois, Kentucky, and part of Tennessee; south by the State of Arkansas; and west by the Indian Territory, and by the River Missouri, dividing it from the Deserts of Nebraska. It extends from 36° to 40° 36' north latitude, and lies between 89° and 95° 45' west longitude. Its area is estimated at 67,380 square miles, being about 278 miles in length by 235 in breadth. (Gazetteer of the United States of America, 1854)

Place Unit Type
State or Province
Containing Unit
Date Type
Almost 40,000 Missourians are now in Union uniform, according to state reports Battles/Soldiers
From Missouri, Carl Schurz writes to his wife of his success in winning German-born voters to the Republican side Campaigns/Elections
General John C. Fremont declares martial law in Missouri and orders emancipation of slaves in the state Lawmaking/Litigating
General John Schofield replaces abolitionist General Samuel Curtis in the Department of the Missouri Battles/Soldiers
In Richmond, the Confederate Congress votes to admit Missouri as the Confederacy's eleventh state Lawmaking/Litigating
Insurgents destroy track and equipment along a hundred mile stretch of the North Missouri Railroad Battles/Soldiers
Major-General Henry Wager Halleck, "Old Brains," is appointed to head the new Union Department of the Missouri Battles/Soldiers
Missouri "border ruffians" murder five freesoilers near Marais des Cygnes in Kansas Military/Violent
- Missouri Democratic Party Convention meets in Jefferson City Campaigns/Elections
Missouri Legislature adjourns and the Governor immediately recalls it Lawmaking/Litigating
Missouri state house passes bill expelling free blacks from the state Slavery/Abolition
Near Island 16 in the Mississippi, a riverboat is destroyed by fire and twenty-five lives lost Crime/Disasters
President Lincoln orders General John C. Fremont to modify his emancipation mandate in Missouri Lawmaking/Litigating
Birthplace of
Name Type
Adair County, MO County
Andrew County, MO County
Atchison County, MO County
Audrain County, MO County
Barry County, MO County
Bates County, MO County
Benton County, MO County
Bollinger County, MO County
Boone County, MO County
Buchanan County, MO County
Butler County, MO County
Caldwell County, MO County
Callaway County, MO County
Camden County, MO County
Cape Girardeau County, MO County
Carroll County, MO County
Cass County, MO County
Cedar County, MO County
Chariton County, MO County
Christian County, MO County
Clark County, MO County
Clay County, MO County
Clinton County, MO County
Cole County, MO County
Cooper County, MO County
Crawford County, MO County
Dade County, MO County
Dallas County, MO County
Daviess County, MO County
Dekalb County, MO County
Dent County, MO County
Dodge County, MO County
Douglas County, MO County
Dunklin County, MO County
Franklin County, MO County
Gasconade County, MO County
Gentry County, MO County
Greene County, MO County
Grundy County, MO County
Harrison County, MO County
Henry County, MO County
Hickory County, MO County
Holt County, MO County
Howard County, MO County
Iron County, MO County
Jackson County, MO County
Jasper County, MO County
Jefferson County, MO County
Johnson County, MO County
Knox County, MO County
Laclede County, MO County
Lafayette County, MO County
Lawrence County, MO County
Lewis County, MO County
Lincoln County, MO County
Linn County, MO County
Livingston County, MO County
Macon County, MO County
Madison County, MO County
Maries County, MO County
Marion County, MO County
McDonald County, MO County
Mercer County, MO County
Miller County, MO County
Mississippi County, MO County
Moniteau County, MO County
Monroe County, MO County
Montgomery County, MO County
Morgan County, MO County
New Madrid County, MO County
Newton County, MO County
Nodaway County, MO County
Oregon County, MO County
Osage County, MO County
Ozark County, MO County
Pemiscot County, MO County
Perry County, MO County
Pettis County, MO County
Phelps County, MO County
Pike County, MO County
Platte County, MO County
Polk County, MO County
Pulaski County, MO County
Putnam County, MO County
Ralls County, MO County
Randolph County, MO County
Ray County, MO County
Reynolds County, MO County
Ripley County, MO County
Saline County, MO County
Schuyler County, MO County
Scotland County, MO County
Scott County, MO County
Seneca County, MO County
Shannon County, MO County
Shelby County, MO County
St. Charles County, MO County
St. Clair County, MO County
St. Francois County, MO County
St. Louis County, MO County
Ste. Genevieve County, MO County
Stoddard County, MO County
Stone County, MO County
Sullivan County, MO County
Taney County, MO County
Texas County, MO County
Vernon County, MO County
Warren County, MO County
Washington County, MO County
Wayne County, MO County
Wright County, MO County
Date Title
Louisville (KY) Journal, "Freight on the Underground Railroad," January 21, 1854
Abraham Lincoln, Speech at Peoria, Illinois, October 16, 1854
Abraham Lincoln's Speech at Springfield, Illinois, June 10, 1856
Louisville (KY) Journal, "The Case of Dred Scott," December 27, 1856
Washington (DC) National Era, "Black Republicanism in Missouri," January 1, 1857
Washington (DC) National Era, "The Future Judged by the Past," January 1, 1857
New York Times, "Kansas Affairs," January 3, 1857
New York Times, “Gubernatorial Inaugurals,” January 20, 1857
New York Times, “The Question of Emancipation in Missouri,” February 14, 1857
Boston (MA) Herald, “The Dred Scott Decision,” March 7, 1857
New York Times, "From Washington," March 9, 1857
Boston (MA) Herald, “The Dred Scott Case,” March 9, 1857
New York Herald, "The Decision in the Dred Scott," March 9, 1857
New York Times, “Slavery in Missouri,” April 9, 1857
Washington (DC) National Era, “A Fire-Eater’s Meditation on the St. Louis Emancipation Victory,” April 23, 1857
Washington (DC) National Era, "The Southern Press," April 30, 1857
New York Times, “Where is the South?,” July 11, 1857
New York Times, "What the Dred Scott Case Decided," July 16, 1857
Washington (DC) National Era, “The Emancipation Scheme,” August 20, 1857
Washington (DC) National Era, “Reports of the Kansas Press,” October 29, 1857
New York Herald, "The Kansas Trouble in Congress," January 3, 1858
New York Herald, "Kansas as a Slave State," January 7, 1858
New York Times, "Kansas Affairs," June 3, 1858
New York Herald, "The Late Meeting of Maryland Slaveholders," July 23, 1858
(St. Louis) Missouri Republican, “Our Work Is Done,” August 1, 1858
New York Times, “The Kansas Election,” August 2, 1858
Quincy (IL) Whig, "Lincoln Gets Douglas Down!," October 15, 1858
Ripley (OH) Bee, “Retribution,” November 13, 1858
Bangor (ME) Whig and Courier, “Astounding Development,” November 24, 1858
New York Times, “The Kansas Troubles,” January 8, 1859
Lawrence (KS) Herald of Freedom, “Crime is Crime,” February 5, 1859
Charleston (SC) Mercury, “The Gold Regions of the West,” February 24, 1859
New York Times, “The Political Future,” February 26, 1859
Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Slave Stealing in Missouri," March 8, 1859
New York Times, “Dr. Doy of Kansas,” March 18, 1859
Charleston (SC) Mercury, “The Missouri Compromise,” March 30, 1859
(Omaha) Nebraskian, “Ossowatamie [Osawatomie] Brown,” April 2, 1859
New York Times, "The Brown Invasion Transplanted From Kansas," November 5, 1859
Charleston (SC) Mercury, “The Democratic Party and Old Brown,” November 8, 1859
Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, "Harper's Ferry Trouble," November 10, 1859
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Effect of the Dred Scott Decision in Iowa,” February 6, 1860
Raleigh (NC) Register, “How Firmly United the Democracy Are,” February 22, 1860
Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “Terrible Tornado in Illinois and Mississippi,” April 30, 1860
Atchison (KS) Freedom's Champion, “Noble Deeds of Northern Democracy,” June 23, 1860
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “What the South Really Fears,” July 25, 1860
Charlestown (VA) Free Press, "Precipitate A Revolution," August 9, 1860
New York Times, "Politics at the South," August 10, 1860
New York Herald, “The Missouri Breckinridge State Convention,” September 23, 1860
New York Herald , "Vindication of the Fugitive Slave Law in Ottawa," October 13, 1860
William T. Sherman to Ellen Sherman, November 23, 1860
Cleveland (OH) Herald, “The Kansas News,” November 23, 1860
Lowell (MA) Citizen & News, “A British Opinion of American Disunion,” December 12, 1860
Fayetteville (NC) Observer, “A Remarkable Statement,” December 20, 1860
New York Herald, “Coercion Symptoms in the West and North-West,” January 15, 1861
Memphis (TN) Appeal, “Enforcement of the Laws,” February 24, 1861
Cleveland (OH) Herald, “Beauties of the ‘Institution’,” April 2, 1861
David D. Field to Abraham Lincoln, April 23, 1861
Chicago (IL) Tribune, “Secession Wounded in Missouri,” April 27, 1861
Savannah (GA) News, “The Civil War in Missouri,” May 17, 1861
New York Times, “The Bitter Fruits,” June 10, 1861
Ripley (OH) Bee, “Fugitives from Oppression,” June 20, 1861
Boston (MA) Advertiser, “The Coming Man,” June 25, 1861
Chicago (IL) Tribune, “Missouri,” July 13, 1861
Boston (MA) Advertiser, “Missouri Discontents,” July 22, 1861
John C. Fremont to Abraham Lincoln, July 30, 1861
Ozias Mather Hatch to Abraham Lincoln, August 17, 1861
Gen. John Fremont, Declaration of Martial Law in Missouri, August 30, 1861
Abraham Lincoln to Orville Hickman Browning, September 22, 1861
President Jefferson Davis, Message to the Confederate Congress, November 18, 1861
Claiborne Fox Jackson to the Soldiers and Fellow-Citizens of Missouri, December 13, 1861
Major-General Henry Wager Halleck, General Order 32, Department of Missouri, December 22, 1861
Abraham Lincoln to John M. Schofield, Monday, June 22, 1863, Washington, D.C.
William Elisha Stoker to Elizabeth E. Stoker, October 12, 1862
Willard P. Hall to Abraham Lincoln, May 12, 1864
How to Cite This Page: "Missouri," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College, http://hd.housedivided.dickinson.edu/node/9007.