St. Louis, MO

ST. LOUIS, MO. City, and seat of justice of St. Louis co. On the W. bank of the Mississippi River, 18 miles below the mouth of the Missouri. 130 miles E. from Jefferson City, the capital of the state, and 1101 miles, by the course of the river, N. from New Orleans. Population in 1810, 1600; in 1820, 4598; in 1830, 6694; in 1840, 16,469; in 1850, 82.774. St. Louis is the commercial metropolis of Missouri, and was formerly the seat of government. (Gazetteer of the United States of America, 1854)

Place Unit Type
City or Town
Containing Unit
Date Type
At a great celebration in Cedar Falls, ground is broken on the ambitious Iowa Central Railraod Business/Industry
Dred and Harriet Scott sue Irene Emerson in the Missouri circuit court at St. Louis Legal/Political
Dred Scott dies in St. Louis, Missouri Slavery/Abolition
First Bohemian-American church in the country opens in St. Louis Religion/Philosophy
First railroad that will run west of the Mississippi is incorporated Business/Industry
General Frémont consolidates his forces and moves against the Confederate invasion of Missouri with five divisions Battles/Soldiers
In downtown St. Louis, Missouri, nervous Union troops, thinking they were shot at, fire on civilians, killing six Crime/Disasters
In Maryland, Philadelphia-based Joe Coburn retains his American heavyweight boxing title Education/Culture
In Missouri, Federal forces arrest 639 pro-secession St Louis militiamen and face city mobs in response Battles/Soldiers
In Missouri, U.S. Army officials seize $33,000 of Cherokee Nation funds held in St. Louis banks Battles/Soldiers
In St. Louis, a second day of shifting ice on the Mississippi River crushes seven more river boats. Crime/Disasters
In St. Louis, Missouri, a unified anti-Republican ticket takes control of mayor's office and city council Campaigns/Elections
In Washington, a major military reorganization divides the nation into five large military districts Battles/Soldiers
Joseph Charless, bank president and leading citizen of St Louis, Missouri is shot in the street Crime/Disasters
Joseph Charless, leading citizen of St Louis, Missouri dies of his wounds after being shot in the street Crime/Disasters
Joseph W. Thornton hangs in St. Louis for murder of Joseph Charless Crime/Disasters
Madam C.J. Walker, America's leading female entrepreneur of her time, is born to freed slaves in Louisiana. Personal
Mobs in St. Louis, Missouri smash up houses of prostitution Crime/Disasters
- Near Cairo, Illinois, fire completely destroys a steamboat carrying Army Paymasters and more than $2,000,000 Crime/Disasters
Official figures state cholera epidemic raging across the country has killed more than 10,000. Crime/Disasters
- On his American tour, Prince Albert is in Cincinnati, Ohio US/the World
On the St. Louis, Missouri levee, three Mississippi steamboats undergoing repairs are destroyed in a fire. Crime/Disasters
Scores die when a Mississippi steamboat explodes and burns near Cairo, Illinois Crime/Disasters
Senator Thomas Hart Benton, "Old Bullion," dies of cancer in Washington, D.C. Personal
Seventy-five people die in a steamboat collision near Helena, Arkansas Crime/Disasters
Shifting ice on the frozen Mississippi River again crushes river boats on the St. Louis, Missouri levee Crime/Disasters
Shifting ice on the frozen Mississippi River crushes seven river boats on the St. Louis, Missouri levee Crime/Disasters
St. Louis bound river steamer sinks near the mouth of the Missouri River Crime/Disasters
Steamboat burns on the Mississippi below St. Louis and sixteen people are killed Crime/Disasters
Steamer from St. Louis to New Orleans attacked below Vicksburg, Mississippi Battles/Soldiers
- Stephen Douglas makes his final campaign tour, through the Deep South Campaigns/Elections
The first overland mail for California leaves St. Louis for San Francisco Business/Industry
The first overland mail from California arrives in St. Louis, twenty-five days out from San Francisco Business/Industry
The first railroad west of the Mississippi makes its inaugural run Business/Industry
The Indian Peace Commission, newly appointed to negotiate with hostile Plains Indian tribes, organizes in St. Louis, Missouri. Lawmaking/Litigating
- The magnificent Lindell Hotel in St. Louis, Missouri is completely destroyed in an overnight fire. Crime/Disasters
The Pacific Hotel in St. Louis, Missouri burns with significant loss of life Crime/Disasters
- The Prince of Wales relaxes on an Illinois farm US/the World
- The Prince of Wales resumes his American tour, visiting St. Louis, Missouri US/the World
The steamboat Imperial arrives in New Orleans from St. Louis, the first since early 1861 Business/Industry
Violence continues on the streets of St. Louis as pro-Union militia battle with pro-Confederate mobs Battles/Soldiers
With the Mississippi River open again to traffic, the steamboat Imperial departs St Louis for New Orleans Business/Industry
Name Type
Bellefontaine Cemetery, St. Louis, MO Location or Site
Calvary Cemetery, St. Louis, MO Location or Site
Date Title
Abraham Lincoln to Mary Speed, September 27, 1841
Abraham Lincoln to Joshua Speed, October 5, 1842
Louisville (KY) Journal, "Negro Stealing," December 14, 1847
Raleigh (NC) Register, "Another Outrage," November 27, 1850
N. R. Johnston to William Still, March 31, 1851
Washington (DC) National Intelligencer, “Decision in a Slave Case,” April 8, 1852
Boston (MA) Investigator, “A Slavery Decision Reversed,” May 12, 1852
Louisville (KY) Journal, "Exciting News from Kansas," December 3, 1855
New York Times, “The Question of Emancipation in Missouri,” February 14, 1857
New York Times, “Important from Kansas,” February 27, 1857
New York Times, “News from Kansas,” March 2, 1857
Washington (DC) National Era, “Affairs in Kansas,” March 5, 1857
New York Times, “Corruption in Congress,” March 17, 1857
New York Times, “News from Kansas,” March 24, 1857
New York Times, “Fillibustering Expedition Against Costa Rica,” April 3, 1857
New York Times, “Slavery in Missouri,” April 9, 1857
New York Times, “Dissatisfaction at Walker’s Appointment,” April 15, 1857
Washington (DC) National Era, “A Fire-Eater’s Meditation on the St. Louis Emancipation Victory,” April 23, 1857
New York Times, “Emancipation of Dred Scott and Family,” May 27, 1857
New York Times, “From Kansas,” June 2, 1857
New York Times, “The Emancipation of Dred Scott,” June 3, 1857
Washington (DC) National Era, “Kansas News,” July 30, 1857
New York Times, “News From Kansas,” September 24, 1857
New York Times, “News from Kansas,” November 13, 1857
(St. Louis) Missouri Republican, "An Affair of Colored Moonshine," July 4, 1858
(St. Louis) Missouri Republican, “Our Work Is Done,” August 1, 1858
San Francisco (CA) Evening Bulletin, “The Governor of Missouri Whipped,” August 5, 1858
Lyman Trumbull to Abraham Lincoln, August 24, 1858
(St. Louis) Missouri Republican, "Douglas - Lincoln," September 2, 1858
(St. Louis) Missouri Republican, “Judge Douglas at Belleville,” September 9, 1858
(St. Louis) Missouri Republican, “Serenade,” September 11, 1858
Lyman Trumbull to Abraham Lincoln, September 14, 1858
(St. Louis) Missouri Republican, “The Great Overland Mail,” October 3, 1858
(St. Louis) Missouri Republican, “Vehicles in St. Louis,” October 10, 1858
San Francisco (CA) Evening Bulletin, “Time Table by the Butterfield Overland Mail Route,” October 11, 1858
Recollection by Gustave Koerner, Alton Debate, October 15, 1858
Chicago (IL) Times, “The Campaign – The Last Joint Debate,” October 17, 1858
(St. Louis) Missouri Republican, “The Circus,” October 24, 1858
New York Herald, “An Abolitionist in a Slave State,” November 15, 1858
(St. Louis) Missouri Republican, “Judge Douglas,” November 25, 1858
(St. Louis) Missouri Republican, “Life Insurance,” December 12, 1858
New York Times, “From Kansas and Pikes Peak,” December 15, 1858
New York Times, “Further Outrages in Kansas,” December 28, 1858
New York Times, “The Kansas Troubles,” January 8, 1859
New York Times, “News from Kansas and Utah,” January 15, 1859
New York Herald, “The Late Scattering Elections,” April 6, 1859
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “The Beginning of the Presidential Campaign,” April 7, 1859
New York Times, “A Strike of Brick-yard Laborers,” April 29, 1859
Milwaukee (WI) Sentinel, “Returning Gold Hunters,” May 20, 1859
Memphis (TN) Appeal, “Land Speculations at the West,” June 5, 1859
New Orleans (LA) Picayune, “Levee Convention,” June 12, 1859
Washington (DC) National Intelligencer, “Railroad Disasters,” July 4, 1859
Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Probably Fatal Illness of Secretary Floyd,” July 6, 1859
Lowell (MA) Citizen & News, “Senator Broderick Killed in a Duel,” October 10, 1859
New York Herald, "A Mishap on the Underground Railroad," April 21, 1860
New York Herald, “The Reception of the Nomination of Douglas,” June 24, 1860
Atchison (KS) Freedom's Champion, “The Democratic ‘Irrepressible Conflict,’” July 7, 1860
New York Herald, “The Missouri Breckinridge State Convention,” September 23, 1860
Milwaukee (WI) Sentinel, "Perilous Balloon Descent," September 27, 1860
Edwin V. Sumner to John G. Nicolay, January 7, 1861
Memphis (TN) Appeal, “Enforcement of the Laws,” February 24, 1861
Chicago (IL) Tribune, “Secession Wounded in Missouri,” April 27, 1861
Savannah (GA) News, “The Civil War in Missouri,” May 17, 1861
John C. Fremont to Abraham Lincoln, July 30, 1861
Raleigh (NC) Register, “Arrest of a Traitor,” August 14, 1861
Ozias Mather Hatch to Abraham Lincoln, August 17, 1861
Chicago (IL) Tribune, “Secession Organs in the North,” August 20, 1861
Gen. John Fremont, Declaration of Martial Law in Missouri, August 30, 1861
Major-General Henry Wager Halleck, General Order 32, Department of Missouri, December 22, 1861
Major-General Henry W. Halleck to the Citizens of St. Louis, Missouri, January 26, 1862
- William Elisha Stoker to Elizabeth E. Stoker, September 7-8, 1862
Boston (MA) Liberator, “Enlistment of Colored Troops,” July 17, 1863
Willard P. Hall to Abraham Lincoln, May 12, 1864
Carlisle (PA) Herald, “Untitled,” February 1, 1872
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