Internal Improvements. — The position, extent, and resources of Pennsylvania have naturally stimulated her people to the establishment of all needful facilities for the promotion of her great agricultural, manufacturing, and commercial interests. Accordingly her revenues and credit, and the means of her wealthiest citizens, have been liberally devoted to the construction of various descriptions of public works, some of which are on a scale of great magnitude. Railroads and canals intersect the country in all directions, connecting the tide waters on the eastern boundary with those of the Ohio, and between all the principal points of trade throughout the state… (Gazetteer of the United States of America, 1854)
    Place Unit Type
    State or Province
    Containing Unit
    Date Type
    - An unprecedented late spring frost causes massive crop damage across the northern United States Crime/Disasters
    - Andrew Gregg Curtin serves as Governor of Pennslyvania Legal/Political
    Ashmun Institute opens in Chester County, Pennsylvania Cultural
    First university for African-Americans incorporated in Pennsylvania Education/Culture
    General elections are held in five states - Pennsylvania, Indiana, Iowa, Ohio, and Minnesota Campaigns/Elections
    - Heavy rains cause transportation chaos in eastern Pennsylvania and western New Jersey Crime/Disasters
    In Pennsylvania, Douglas and Breckinridge Democrats unite behind gubernatorial nominee Henry Foster Campaigns/Elections
    In Pennsylvania, General John W. Geary is elected governor as Republicans again dominate. Campaigns/Elections
    Pennsylvania adopts the nation's first state child labor law Lawmaking/Litigating
    Pennsylvania has a public debt of more than thirty-eight million dollars Lawmaking/Litigating
    Pennsylvania Republicans meet in Harrisburg and Philadelphia to ratify the recent nominations in Chicago Campaigns/Elections
    Pennsylvania votes $500,000 for the expansion of its militia Lawmaking/Litigating
    President Buchanan rejects Virginia's call for federal forces to police neighboring states Legal/Political
    Republicans sweep to victory in state-wide elections in Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Iowa, and Minnesota Campaigns/Elections
    Tax officials in Pennsylvania give the states's taxable value as $569,049,995 Business/Industry
    The War Department sets up two new Army Departments for the defense of Pennsylvania Battles/Soldiers
    Name Type
    Adams County, PA County
    Allegheny County, PA County
    Armstrong County, PA County
    Beaver County, PA County
    Bedford County, PA County
    Berks County, PA County
    Blair County, PA County
    Bradford County, PA County
    Bucks County, PA County
    Butler County, PA County
    Cambria County, PA County
    Carbon County, PA County
    Centre County, PA County
    Chester County, PA County
    Clarion County, PA County
    Clearfield County, PA County
    Clinton County, PA County
    Columbia County, PA County
    Crawford County, PA County
    Cumberland County, PA County
    Dauphin County, PA County
    Delaware County, PA County
    Elk County, PA County
    Erie County, PA County
    Fayette County, PA County
    Forest County, PA County
    Franklin County, PA County
    Fulton County, PA County
    Greene County, PA County
    Huntingdon County, PA County
    Indiana County, PA County
    Jefferson County, PA County
    Juniata County, PA County
    Lackawanna County, PA County
    Lancaster County, PA County
    Lawrence County, PA County
    Lebanon County, PA County
    Lehigh County, PA County
    Luzerne County, PA County
    Lycoming County, PA County
    McKean County, PA County
    Mercer County, PA County
    Mifflin County, PA County
    Monroe County, PA County
    Montgomery County, PA County
    Montour County, PA County
    Northampton County, PA County
    Northumberland County, PA County
    Perry County, PA County
    Philadelphia County, PA County
    Pike County, PA County
    Potter County, PA County
    Schuylkill County, PA County
    Somerset County, PA County
    Sullivan County, PA County
    Susquehanna County, PA County
    Tioga County, PA County
    Union County, PA County
    Venango County, PA County
    Warren County, PA County
    Washington County, PA County
    Wayne County, PA County
    Westmoreland County, PA County
    Wyoming County, PA County
    York County, PA County
    Date Title
    New York Tribune, "The Carlisle Riot," June 12, 1847
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Fugitive Slaves," January 10, 1848
    David Wilmot’s Speech in the House of Representatives, Washington, DC, August 3, 1848
    Carlisle (PA) Herald, "In the Surpreme Court of Penn'a," June 27, 1849
    Boston (MA) Emancipator & Republican, “Important Decision,” June 28, 1849
    Seth Concklin to William Still, February 18, 1851
    New York Herald, "Threatened Civil War Between Virginia and Pennsylvania," January 31, 1856
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, March 23, 1856
    Washington (DC) National Era, "The Future Judged by the Past," January 1, 1857
    New York Times, “The Pennsylvania Gubernatorial Question,” April 27, 1857
    New York Herald, "The Late Meeting of Maryland Slaveholders," July 23, 1858
    New York Times, “Vice-President Breckenridge for Douglas,” October 23, 1858
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "Rejoicing for Douglas," November 11, 1858
    Recollection of Jesse W. Fell, Conversation with Abraham Lincoln in early 1859
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “For the Lambs of the Flock,” January 12, 1859
    New York Herald, “The Presidential Question,” January 24, 1859
    New York Herald, “The Presidential Question,” January 29, 1859
    Boston (MA) Liberator, "Man-Hunting in Pennsylvania," February 4, 1859
    Bangor (ME) Whig and Courier, “Untitled,” February 11, 1859
    Boston (MA) Advertiser, “Democratic Movements,” May 10, 1859
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, “A Cavil,” May 10, 1859
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "Political Effect," October 31, 1859
    Abraham Lincoln to William E. Frazer, November 1, 1859
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "A Good Sign," November 3, 1859
    New York Times, “Manufacturing Martyrs,” February 16, 1860
    New York Herald, “Trouble among the Republican President Makers,” February 28, 1860
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Andrew J. Curtin,” March 1, 1860
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “Pennsylvania,” March 5, 1860
    William Wilkins to James Watson Webb, March 26, 1860
    (Jackson) Mississippian, “The Last Revelation from Douglas,” April 3, 1860
    New York Herald, “Bell and Everett Going Ahead,” May 27, 1860
    Schuyler Colfax to Abraham Lincoln, May 30, 1860
    Atchison (KS) Freedom's Champion, “An Insult to Labor,” July 21, 1860
    New York Herald, “Pennsylvania Politicians and New York Money,” September 2, 1860
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “The Astounding Impertinence of Douglas,” September 17, 1860
    Milwaukee (WI) Sentinel, "The Coming Contest in Pennsylvania," October 3, 1860
    Cleveland (OH) Herald, “There's No Secession in That,” October 13, 1860
    New York Times, “Very Suspicious,” October 15, 1860
    Cleveland (OH) Herald, “The Wide Awakes at Washington,” October 19, 1860
    David Wilmot to Abraham Lincoln, October 20, 1860
    (Montpelier) Vermont Patriot, “Illinois Sure for Douglas,” October 27, 1860
    New York Times, "Douglas Out of the Canvass," November 3, 1860
    New York Herald, “Who are the Cooks in Pennsylvania?,” November 8, 1860
    William T. Sherman to Ellen Sherman, November 10, 1860
    New York Herald, “The Real Disunionists,” November 25, 1860
    John P. Verree to Abraham Lincoln, January 1, 1861
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, “Pennsylvania Arming,” January 5, 1861
    Alexander K. McClure to Abraham Lincoln, January 15, 1861
    New York Herald, “A Contrast,” January 20, 1861
    New York Herald, “Apprehensions of an Attack on Washington,” April 14, 1861
    Chicago (IL) Tribune, “Quick, Sharp, and Decisive,” April 15, 1861
    Pennsylvania Governor Andrew Curtin's Proclamation, April 20, 1861
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, “Gen. Scott,” April 27, 1861
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "Neutrality," May 2, 1861
    Alexander Kelly McClure to Eli Slifer, July 23, 1861
    Chicago (IL) Tribune, “Simon Cameron,” August 11, 1861
    Shreveport (LA) News, “On the Wane,” August 15, 1862
    Milwaukee (WI) Sentinel, “The Rebel Raid on Chambersburg,” October 13, 1862
    Abraham Lincoln to Joseph Hooker, June 10, 1863
    New York Times, “Pennsylvania and Her Governor,” June 17, 1863
    Lowell (MA) Citizen & News, “Points of Present Interest,” June 17, 1863
    New York Times, “A Word to Pennsylvania,” June 26, 1863
    Philadelphia (PA) North America and United States Gazette, “A Desperate Battle At Gettysburg,” July 3, 1863
    New York Times, “The Campaign in Pennsylvania,” July 4, 1863
    New York Times, “What Pennsylvania has Escaped,” July 6, 1863
    Chicago (IL) Tribune, “A Great Peril Escaped,” July 7, 1863
    Carlisle (PA) American, “What Invasion Has Taught Pennsylvania,” July 15, 1863
    Boston (MA) Liberator, “Enlistment of Colored Troops,” July 17, 1863
    Henry J. Raymond to Abraham Lincoln, August 22, 1864, New York City
    How to Cite This Page: "Pennsylvania," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,