Philadelphia, PA

City, and port of entry. Situated between the Delaware and Schuylkill Rivers, about 5 miles above their junction, and 55 in a direct line N. W. from the Atlantic, coast; although the distance from the mouth of the Delaware, following the course of the river, is 120 miles. Population in 1800, 70,287; in 1810, 96,287; in 1820, 119,325; in 1830, 167,325; in 1840, 228,691; in 1850, 409,352, including the county. The city is the seat of justice. (Gazetteer of the United States of America, 1854)
    Place Unit Type
    City or Town
    Containing Unit
    Date Type
    "Miss Leslie," America's most popular cooking writer, dies in New Jersey Personal
    "Notre-Dame of Paris," final opera of William Henry Fry, debuts in his home city in aid of soldiers' charity Education/Culture
    A mass meeting of Philadelphia workingmen supports compromise and the Union Campaigns/Elections
    A massive hailstorm shatters glass windows throughout the city of Philadelphia. Crime/Disasters
    A national convention of workingmen meets in Philadelphia Business/Industry
    A powerful storm strikes Philadelphia and causes heavy damage, including the bringing down of a church steeple Crime/Disasters
    A secessionist flag flies near the Frankford Arsenal in north-east Philadelphia Campaigns/Elections
    A storm dumps snow over wide areas of the East, from Washington, DC to Boston Crime/Disasters
    Abolitionist lecture delivered successfully in Philadelphia as police and rioters battle outside the hall Legal/Political
    Abraham Lincoln travels to Trenton, New Jersey and then to Philadelphia on his pre-inaugural tour Campaigns/Elections
    Abraham Lincoln visits Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and from there secretly travels directly to Washington Campaigns/Elections
    Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Harrisburg and rolls across the Pennsylvania countryside to Philadelphia Personal
    Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Philadelphia before dawn and moves across New Jersey Personal
    Alexander McClure dies in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Personal
    All-England Cricket team continues its tour with a match in Philadelphia Education/Culture
    Alleged fugitive slave arrested in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania and sent that evening to Philadelphia Slavery/Abolition
    American Medical Association founded in Philadelphia Education/Culture
    American Party nominates Millard Fillmore for president Campaigns/Elections
    Anton Probst, murderer of an entire family in the "Deering Massacre," is executed in Philadelphia Crime/Disasters
    Anton Probst, murderer of his employer's entire family, is sentenced to death in Philadelphia Crime/Disasters
    Anton Probst, suspect in the "Deering Massacre" murders, is arrested in Philadelphia Crime/Disasters
    Baltimore rioters mount a deadly attack on the Sixth Massachusetts in the streets of the city Battles/Soldiers
    Banks in New York City, Boston, and Philadelphia suspend payment in gold and silver Business/Industry
    Boiler explosion kills two workers in Philadelphia Crime/Disasters
    British captain and two of his men recapture the Emily St. Pierre from its U.S. Navy prize crew US/the World
    British ship Emily St. Pierre seized off the South Carolina coast and sent as a prize to Philadelphia US/the World
    Captured blockade runner arrives at Philadelphia Naval Yard - her cargo includes 400,000 Cuban cigars Battles/Soldiers
    Catholic Bishop of Philadelphia buried in St. Peter's Church in the city Religion/Philosophy
    Catholic Bishop of Philadelphia dies on the street of a stroke aged forty-eight Religion/Philosophy
    Catholic Bishop of Philadelphia lies in state in his Cathedral Religion/Philosophy
    Charles Dickens begins his live reading tour of the United States at the Steinway Hall in Boston. Education/Culture
    Charles Dickens sails from Liverpool for his second visit to the United States. Education/Culture
    Commissioner Ingraham grants warrants for Gorsuch slaves and appoints Kline to head posse Legal/Political
    Confederate naval units capture the Tacony off the East Coast and convert her into a commerce raider Battles/Soldiers
    Continental Hotel, biggest in the land, opens for business in Philadelphia Business/Industry
    Crowding and spectator disturbances at the Philadelphia Athletics end with the game being called. Education/Culture
    Dickens enthusiasts queue overnight for live reading tickets for his second series of Boston live readings. Education/Culture
    Doctors of the visiting Japanese Embassy observe an operation using ether in Philadelphia Science/Technology
    Edward Gorsuch arrives in Philadelphia seeking warrants for his runaways Legal/Political
    Eighteen years after ground was broken, the new Roman Catholic Basilica of Philadelphia is dedicated Religion/Philosophy
    Elisha Kent Kane, famous Arctic explorer and naval medical officer, dies in Havana Personal
    Factory explosion in a Philadelphia foundry kills one worker and injures others Crime/Disasters
    Failed rescue in Philadelphia of a Virginia fugitive being returned to slavery Slavery/Abolition
    Famous portrait painter Rembrandt Peale dies at his home in Philadelphia Personal
    - Fifth National Women's Rights Convention held in Philadelphia Legal/Political
    Fire destroys mills near Philadelphia Crime/Disasters
    First fugitive slave case in Philadelphia under new federal law Slavery/Abolition
    First Japanese diplomatic mission to the United States visits Baltimore and Philadelphia US/the World
    Former United States Vice-President George M. Dallas dies at his home in Philadelphia Personal
    Former Vice-President George Mifflin Dallas dies of a heart attack at his home in Philadelphia Personal
    Francis Martin Drexell, founder of the Philadelphia banking house, killed in railroad accident Personal
    Gales and snowstorms ravage the north-eastern United States and Canada Crime/Disasters
    Governor Wise of Virginia meets with southern medical students returned from Philadelphia Legal/Political
    Hundreds of wounded from General Sheridan's command arrive in Philadelphia via steamship Battles/Soldiers
    In a Philadelphia courtroom, the father of a young sexual assault victim shoots her accused attacker dead. Crime/Disasters
    In a rainy Philadelphia, General George Meade leads Philadelphia's veterans in a welcome home parade Battles/Soldiers
    In baseball news, the Philadelphia Athletic Club touring team visits New York City Education/Culture
    In baseball, the Brooklyn Excelsior continue their tour with a game in Philadelphia Education/Culture
    In Brooklyn, the visiting Athletic Baseball Club of Philadelphia defeats the Resolute Club of Brooklyn 39-14. Education/Culture
    In Camden, New Jersey, the Philadelphia Cricket Club best their New York counterparts in a day of cricket Education/Culture
    In Harrisburg, the Pennsylvania legislature postpones the Philadelphia municipal election Campaigns/Elections
    In Maryland, Philadelphia-based Joe Coburn retains his American heavyweight boxing title Education/Culture
    In Pennsylvania, a massive boiler explosion in Philadelphia kills and injures dozens of saw mill workers. Crime/Disasters
    In Pennsylvania, a new railroad extension further connects the coalfields with Philadelphia and beyond Business/Industry
    In Pennsylvania, Douglas and Breckinridge Democrats unite behind gubernatorial nominee Henry Foster Campaigns/Elections
    In Philadelphia, 20,000 firemen march in an unprecedented gala parade Education/Culture
    In Philadelphia, a dispute between hotel owners ends with violence on the street Business/Industry
    In Philadelphia, a lager-beer brewery suffers heavy fire damage Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, a large early-morning fire destroys several buildings on Chestnut Street Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, a large railroad car factory suffers severe damage in a morning fire Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, a Massachusetts colonel dispenses rough justice to a tavern owner for selling his men liquor Battles/Soldiers
    In Philadelphia, a massive boiler explosion on Cherry Street kills seven Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, a massive fire completely destroys a large railroad car factory on Market Street Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, a massive killer fire in a petroleum storage spreads quickly and devastates the neighborhood Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, a new public hospital for contagious diseases is turned over to the Board of Health Science/Technology
    In Philadelphia, a sizable explosion levels a fireworks factory and kills four workers Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, a speech by visiting abolitionist is postponed due to threats of violence Slavery/Abolition
    In Philadelphia, a workshop producing Japan varnish explodes, killing its owner Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, an costly fire destroys a woolen mill Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, angry crowds threaten the offices of the city's southern-based newspaper Campaigns/Elections
    In Philadelphia, black leaders meet with city transport companies to demand desegregation of their streetcars Slavery/Abolition
    - In Philadelphia, Democrats and conservatives gather for the National Union Convention. Campaigns/Elections
    In Philadelphia, former Secretary of War Cameron arrested and sued for false imprisonment Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Philadelphia, former U. S. Vice-President George M. Dallas is buried at St. Peter's Episcopal Church Personal
    - In Philadelphia, four hundred delegates meet in the Southern Loyalist Convention over four days. Campaigns/Elections
    In Philadelphia, Fourth of July fireworks put on a display a week early when a merchant's establishment burns Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, high political emotions start a brawl and get a prominent Philadelphia author arrested Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, John Wanamaker and Nathan Brown open their first store on Market Street Business/Industry
    In Philadelphia, Mayor Alexander proclaims both against treason and popular disorder in the city Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Philadelphia, parts of a female asylum collapse, killing fifteen patients and injuring twenty more Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Democrats meet over the split in the party's presidential nominations Campaigns/Elections
    In Philadelphia, rain cuts short the Atlantic-Athletics baseball series decider with the visitors leading. Education/Culture
    In Philadelphia, six hundred members of the Fenian Brotherhood meet in convention US/the World
    In Philadelphia, southern students disrupt a program of patriotic tunes at the Academy of Music Campaigns/Elections
    In Philadelphia, the almost complete Cathedral Basilica of Saints Peter and Paul is opened for a public reception Religion/Philosophy
    In Philadelphia, the city's boat clubs, "the Schuylkill Navy," hold their first regatta since the outbreak of the Civil War Education/Culture
    In Philadelphia, the city's War of 1812 veterans organize a militia company Battles/Soldiers
    In Philadelphia, the Committee on the Safety and Defense of the City reports on its preparations Battles/Soldiers
    In Philadelphia, the Cooper Shop Hospital opens Business/Industry
    In Philadelphia, the empty Girard House Hotel becomes a giant army uniform factory Battles/Soldiers
    In Philadelphia, the New American Theater is destroyed by fire, killing ten people. Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, the New American Theater, destroyed by fire just three months before, re-opens. Crime/Disasters
    In Philadelphia, the new Continental Hotel opens for tours by stockholders and the press Business/Industry
    In Philadelphia, the new Municipal Hospital for Contagious Diseases is officially dedicated Science/Technology
    - In Philadelphia, the piracy trial of privateer William Smith results in guilty verdict and a death sentence Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Philadelphia, the U.S. Commissioner frees Harrisburg alleged fugitive slave Daniel Dangerfield Slavery/Abolition
    In Philadelphia, the U.S. Navy's first submarine, French-designed and called the Alligator, is launched Science/Technology
    In Philadelphia, the Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon closes Business/Industry
    In Philadelphia, the veterans of the 29th Pennsylvania Volunteer Infantry are welcomed home Battles/Soldiers
    In Philadelphia, the visiting Japanese Embassy tours manufacturing establishments Business/Industry
    In Philadelphia, U.S. Justice Grier rebels against piracy cases interrupting U.S. District Court business Lawmaking/Litigating
    In Philadelphia, War of 1812 hero Charles Stewart does the honors at launch of new Union ironclad Business/Industry
    In Philadelphia, wealthy citizens gift a house to the Grant family as reward for the commanding general's war service Personal
    In Philadelphia, white streetcar riders vote overwhelmingly to keep black citizens from city streetcars Slavery/Abolition
    In Philadelphia. the National Union, supporting President Lincoln, scores impressive wins in state and city elections
    In Richmond, Confederates select prisoners for trial in retaliation for Northern convictions of privateers Lawmaking/Litigating
    In South Philadelphia, St Paul Catholic Church is almost completely destroyed by fire Crime/Disasters
    In Washington, a major military reorganization divides the nation into five large military districts Battles/Soldiers
    Invalided back to Philadelphia from the front with sickness, Major General David Birney dies at his home Battles/Soldiers
    Isaac Newton, the first commissioner of the U.S. Department of Agriculture, dies in office. Personal
    James Buchanan's fiancée dies Personal
    James Pinckney Henderson, the new Senator from Texas, dies in Philadelphia before even taking his seat Personal
    John Kintzing Kane, the U.S. District Judge who ruled against Passmore Williamson in the Jane Johnson case, dies in Philadelphia Personal
    - John McClintock attends the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia Personal
    John McClintock is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Personal
    John W. Forney dies in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Personal
    Justice Robert Grier dies in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Personal
    Katherine Mary Drexel born in Philadelphia Personal
    Large and contentious meeting opposing coercion of the South held in Philadelphia Campaigns/Elections
    Major General N.J.T. Dana named as the commander of the defenses of Philadelphia Battles/Soldiers
    Mass meeting in Philadelphia's Independence Square endorses the Union and conciliation with South Lawmaking/Litigating
    Massive explosion at a Philadelphia cartridge factory kills sixteen people and levels the complex Crime/Disasters
    Mayor of Philadelphia warns of rioting should abolitionist speech go ahead Legal/Political
    National day of "fasting, humiliation, and prayer" takes place throughout the United States Education/Culture
    New paddle steamer launched for the U.S. Navy at the Philadelphia Naval Yard Business/Industry
    New railroad bridge across the Susquehanna speeds up the journey from Philadelphia to Washington, DC. Business/Industry
    Newspaper magnate George Childs opens his new Public Ledger Building on Chestnut Street in Philadelphia. Business/Industry
    Off the Tortugas, the U.S.S. Keystone State captures a Confederate blockade runner bound for Florida Battles/Soldiers
    On a South Philadelphia farm, Anton Probst kills his employer's entire family in the "Deering Massacre" Crime/Disasters
    Opposition Party holds on to power in the Philadelphia municipal elections Campaigns/Elections
    Owen Wister born in the Germantown section of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Personal
    Pennsylvania Republicans meet in Harrisburg and Philadelphia to ratify the recent nominations in Chicago Campaigns/Elections
    Pennsylvania suffers its first war fatality when a Philadelphia militiaman hurt in the Baltimore Riot dies Battles/Soldiers
    Philadelphia arms itself to resist any Confederate attack on the city Battles/Soldiers
    Philadelphia banks finally resume specie payments Business/Industry
    Philadelphia banks resume specie payments Business/Industry
    Philadelphia banks suspend specie payments Business/Industry
    Philadelphia Constitutional Unionists support the postponement of the city elections Campaigns/Elections
    Philadelphia Democrats hold a mass protest meeting in Independence Square Campaigns/Elections
    Philadelphia Democrats protest the postponement of the city elections Campaigns/Elections
    Philadelphia Democrats urge the South not to take precipitous action over the Republican victory Campaigns/Elections
    Philadelphia man arrested on a charge of inciting riot then freed on First Amendment grounds Lawmaking/Litigating
    Philadelphia observes a day of fasting for the dedication of the Soldiers' Cemetery in Gettysburg Education/Culture
    Philadelphia textile manufacturers put their factories on half-time production Business/Industry
    Philadelphia's boat clubs, the "Schuylkill Navy," holds its annual review on the Schuylkill River. Education/Culture
    Philadelphia's enlistments since the attack on Fort Sumter approach ten thousand Battles/Soldiers
    Philadelphia's Home Guard, instituted in September, now numbers around four thousand members Battles/Soldiers
    Philadelphia's labor leaders endorse compromise but also recommend defensive force if needed Campaigns/Elections
    Philadelphia's mayor instructed to transmit recent city resolutions for conciliation to South Carolina Lawmaking/Litigating
    Philadelphian John D. Lynde patents the first aerosol dispenser or "Improved Bottle for Aerated Liquids" Science/Technology
    Philadelphians gather to cheer a shipment of heavy cannon bound for the defenses of New York Harbor Campaigns/Elections
    Pierce Butler, former husband of Fanny Kemble, dies at his home in Philadelphia. Personal
    Powerful thunderstorms hit Philadelphia Crime/Disasters
    President Andrew Johnson's "Swing Around the Circle" speaking tour travels across New Jersey to New York City. Campaigns/Elections
    President Buchanan designates January 4, 1861 as a national day of fasting and prayer Lawmaking/Litigating
    Presidential election evokes little excitement in Philadelphia Campaigns/Elections
    - Prince Albert makes a brief visit to Richmond, Virginia US/the World
    - Prince Albert visits Philadelphia and attends the opera US/the World
    Prominent United States Navy hero Samuel Francis Du Pont dies suddenly in Philadelphia Personal
    - Returning to Dorchester County again, Tubman attempts to bring her brothers to freedom Personal
    Richard Rush, former Secretary of the Treasury, dies in Philadelphia Personal
    Robert Brown, a fugitive slave from Virginia, arrives in Philadelphia after crossing Potomac on horseback Slavery/Abolition
    Runaway slave named Richard arrives in Philadelphia after escaping from naval officer Legal/Political
    Second game in Philadelphia Athletics and Brooklyn Atlantic series ends with victory for the visitors. Education/Culture
    Seven ballet dancers burned to death in their dressing room at the Continental Theater in Philadelphia Crime/Disasters
    Several Native American leaders of Far West tribes leave San Francisco for a trip to the East Lawmaking/Litigating
    Severe flash flooding causes heavy damage in Philadelphia region of New Jersey and Pennsylvania Crime/Disasters
    Skating Club formally organized in Philadelphia Education/Culture
    Slave owning Philadelphian Pierce Butler, former husband of Fanny Kemble, arrested for treason Lawmaking/Litigating
    Southern students from Philadelphia's medical schools meet and vote to leave for the South Legal/Political
    Southern students make a mass exodus from Philadelphia's medical schools Legal/Political
    Stephen Douglas ends a three day visit to New York City and leaves for Philadelphia Legal/Political
    Street letter box patented in Philadelphia Commercial
    Sudden freezing weather grips the north-eastern United States Crime/Disasters
    Tax officials in Pennsylvania give the states's taxable value as $569,049,995 Business/Industry
    Thanksgiving Day is celebrated across the country Religion/Philosophy
    - The American Pomological Society holds its sixth national meeting in Philadelphia Education/Culture
    - The American Sunday School Union holds its third national convention in Philadelphia Religion/Philosophy
    The Cable Car is patented in Philadelphia Business/Industry
    - The Centennial Exposition runs in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Education/Culture
    The combined Sanitary Fair of Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Delaware opens in Philadelphia Campaigns/Elections
    The Emily St. Pierre, the British ship recaptured from its U.S. Navy prize crew, arrives in Liverpool US/the World
    The first comic weekly paper in the United States is published in Philadelphia Education/Culture
    The first of the six new warships Congress appropriated for at the start of the war is launched in Philadelphia Battles/Soldiers
    The first pencil with attached eraser patented in Philadelphia Business/Industry
    The first photograph of a solar eclipse taken in Philadelphia Science/Technology
    The former C.S.S. Atlanta sails from the Philadelphia Naval Yard to join the Union fleet as U.S.S. Atlanta Battles/Soldiers
    - The fugitive slave case of Daniel Dangerfield from Harrisburg causes popular excitement in Philadelphia Legal/Political
    The Governor of New York reacts to the emergence of naval ironclad warfare in Virginia Lawmaking/Litigating
    The governors of Pennsylvania and New Jersey also react to the emergence of naval ironclad warfare Lawmaking/Litigating
    The Homeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania is incorporated in Philadelphia Education/Culture
    The Homeopathic Medical College of Pennsylvania opens in Philadelphia Education/Culture
    The largest warship built in Philadelphia yards up to then, the U.S.S. Chattanooga, is launched Science/Technology
    The nation's first class of homeopathic medical doctors graduates in Philadelphia Education/Culture
    The National Medical Association holds it annual meeting in Washington D.C. Education/Culture
    The new 730-ton side wheel gunboat U.S.S. Miami is launched at the Philadelphia Navy Yard Science/Technology
    The new steam sloop Juniata is launched at the Philadelphia Naval Yard Battles/Soldiers
    The Philadelphia Methodist Conference urges withdrawal of the Church's new "discipline" on slavery Slavery/Abolition
    The Philadelphia press reports that more than ten thousand Philadelphians are now in the field Battles/Soldiers
    - The Presbyterian General Assembly is meeting in Philadelphia and its decisions will split the Church Religion/Philosophy
    The Prince of Wales spends twenty-four hours in Baltimore US/the World
    The railroad bridge at Gray's Ferry near Philadelphia suffers severe fire damage Crime/Disasters
    The Republican Party convention opens in Philadelphia Campaigns/Elections
    The Sixth Massachusetts Regiment arrives in Philadelphia on its way to Washington DC, via Baltimore Battles/Soldiers
    - The Tenth National Saengerfest for German-American Choral Societies is held in Philadelphia. Education/Culture
    The U.S.S. Rhode Island arrives in Philadelphia with Confederate privateer prisoners Battles/Soldiers
    The Union Volunteer Refreshment Saloon opens in Philadelphia Business/Industry
    The United States reclassifies convicted Confederate privateers as prisoners of war Lawmaking/Litigating
    The victory at Fort Donelson met with enthusiastic celebrations in Philadelphia and across the North Education/Culture
    The Zoological Society of Philadelphia plans the nation's first zoo Education/Culture
    Thousands of Confederate prisoners arrive in Philadelphia on a single railroad train Battles/Soldiers
    Thousands of Union wounded from the Battle of the Wilderness begin to arrive in Philadelphia hospitals Battles/Soldiers
    Tubman escapes slavery, traveling to Philadelphia Personal
    Tubman returns to Maryland to rescue her niece Personal
    Two of the country's best baseball clubs meet in Philadelphia with Brooklyn's "Atlantics" victorious Education/Culture
    U.S. Government takes over the Philadelphia, Wilmington, and Delaware Railroad Battles/Soldiers
    U.S.S. Hartford returns home from Asia with four officers who had declared for the Confederacy Battles/Soldiers
    Union Colonel James A. Mulligan, hero of the Battle of Lexington, speaks for a Catholic charity in Philadelphia Education/Culture
    Veterans from across the country meet in Philadelphia at the Colored Soldiers' and Sailors' Convention. Campaigns/Elections
    Vigilance agent follows Gorsuch posse Legal/Political
    - Violent gales cause heavy damage in New York City and Philadelphia Crime/Disasters
    William Danenhower is born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Personal
    William Still is hired by the Pennsylvania Society for the Abolition of Slavery Personal
    William Still moves to Philadelphia in 1844 Personal
    William Still publishes his records Personal
    William Wrigley, Jr., founder of Wrigley's Gum and famous owner of the Chicago Cubs born in Philadelphia Business/Industry
    Young veteran colonel who had fought through the Civil War, is murdered in a Philadelphia bar-room. Crime/Disasters
    Birthplace of
    Date Title
    Spencer Fullerton Baird to William Baird, April 2, 1842
    John Price Durbin, "Plan for the Removal of Slavery, " Christian Advocate and Journal, February 10, 1847
    New York Christian Advocate, "Dr. Durbin’s Plan to Extinguish Slavery," March 17, 1847
    Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, "Abolitionism," June 10, 1847
    John Price Durbin to Robert Emory, June 12, 1847
    New York Herald, "The Fugitive Slave," December 30, 1847
    Abraham Lincoln to Thaddeus Stevens, September 3, 1848
    Boston (MA) Herald, “The Fugitive Slaves from Georgia,” January 27, 1849
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, "More Runaway Slaves," January 10, 1850
    Seth Concklin to William Still, February 3, 1851
    Seth Concklin to William Still, February 18, 1851
    Alexander Kelly McClure to Eli Slifer, May 29, 1852
    B. McKiernon to William Still, August 6, 1851
    William Still to B. McKiernon, August 16, 1851
    William Padgett to Edward Gorsuch, August 28, 1851
    Boston (MA) Evening Transcript, "The Fugitive Slave Riots in Pennsylvania," September 13, 1851
    New Orleans (LA) Picayune, "The Fugitive Slave Riot," September 14, 1851
    (Columbus) Ohio State Journal, "The Christiana Tragedy," September 23, 1851
    Rochester (NY) Frederick Douglass' Paper, "Freedom's Battle at Christiana," September 25, 1851
    Entry by Moncure Daniel Conway, October 2, 1851
    Rochester (NY) Frederick Douglass’ Paper, “Report,” March 4, 1852
    Debate over the River and Harbor Bill, US Senate, August 18, 1852
    John Henry Hill to William Still, 1853
    John Henry Hill to William Still, October 4, 1853
    John Henry Hill to William Still, December 29, 1853
    Boston (MA) Liberator, “The Martyr Kauffman,” December 30, 1853
    Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, June 22, 1854
    Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, October 3, 1854
    W. H. Atkins to William Still, October 5, 1854
    John Atkinson to William Still, October 5, 1854
    J. B. Smith to William Still, January 25, 1855
    Sheridan Ford to William Still, February 15, 1855
    Louisville (KY) Journal, “Untitled,” April 20, 1855
    Hiram Wilson to William Still, June 28, 1855
    Boston (MA) Herald, "Workings of the Underground Railroad," July 25, 1855
    Abigail Goodwin to William Still, August 1, 1855
    S. H. Gay to William Still, August 17, 1855
    Boston (MA) Liberator, “The Philadelphia Slave Case,” August 17, 1855
    Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, September 9, 1855
    Abigail Goodwin to William Still, September 9, 1855
    Boston (MA) Herald, "The Fugitive Slave Case," October 10, 1855
    Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, November 10, 1855
    Memphis (TN) Appeal, "Arrest of Judge Kane," November 20, 1855
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, November 21, 1855
    Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, November 26, 1855
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, December 19, 1855
    N. R. Johnston to William Still, December 26, 1855
    Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, April 3, 1856
    Joseph C. Bustill to William Still, April 28, 1856
    James H. Forman to William Still, June 5, 1856
    James H. Forman to William Still, July 24, 1856
    Daniel Robertson to William Still, August 11, 1856
    John Hall to William Still, September 15, 1856
    Hiram Wilson to William Still, September 15, 1856
    Mr. N. Coryell to William Still, September 29, 1856
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, November 6, 1856
    N. R. Johnston to William Still, December 18, 1856
    Mr. N. Coryell to William Still, January 2, 1857
    New York Times, "Return of a Fugitive Slave," January 19, 1857
    William Brinkly to William Still, March 23, 1857
    James Massey to Henrietta Massey, April 27, 1857
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Southern Rights," May 27, 1857
    E. L. Stevens to William Still, July 8, 1857
    Jacob Bigelow (William Penn) to William Still, July 12, 1857
    E. L. Stevens to William Still, July 13, 1857
    New York Times, “A Fugitive Slave Excitement in Philadelphia,” July 29, 1857
    New York Times, “The Financial Panic,” September 14, 1857
    Earro Weems to William Still, September 19, 1857
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, October 31, 1857
    Miss G. A. Lewis to William Still, November 6, 1857
    New York Times, “Disturbance in Philadelphia,” November 7, 1857
    Elijah Funk Pennypacker to William Still, November 7, 1857
    Joseph Ball to William Still, November 7, 1857
    Samuel Pattison to L. W. Thompson, November 16, 1857
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, November 25, 1857
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, November 25, 1857
    Thomas Garrett to William Still, February 5, 1858
    Edmund Turner to William Still, March 1, 1858
    N. R. Johnston to William Still, April 3, 1858
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, "Hot Weather," July 2, 1858
    Ezra L. Stevens to William Still, July 11, 1858
    George Ballard to William Still, July 19, 1858
    St. Louis (MO) Republican, “Let the Jubilee be General,” August 29, 1858
    New York Times, “Opposition Ratification Meeting in Philadelphia,” September 16, 1858
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, "Douglas Puffers and Valets," September 20, 1858
    New York Times, “New York in an Uproar,” October 21, 1858
    Thomas Garrett to William Still and James Miller McKim, November 21, 1858
    New York Times, “Arrival of Senator Douglas in Philadelphia,” January 4, 1859
    Lowell (MA) Citizen & News, “Disunion,” January 5, 1859
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, “For the Lambs of the Flock,” January 12, 1859
    Boston (MA) Liberator, "Man-Hunting in Pennsylvania," February 4, 1859
    New York Times, “The Mint,” February 24, 1859
    Milwaukee (WI) Sentinel, “Slave Arrested in Harrisburgh [Harrisburg], Pa.,” April 4, 1859
    New York Times, “Fugitive Slave Case in Pennsylvania,” April 5, 1859
    New York Times, “Philadelphia Jealousy,” April 19, 1859
    John Hays to Charles Francis Himes, June 20, 1859
    New York Herald, "The Underground Railroad," August 14, 1859
    Lowell (MA) Citizen & News, “Presidential,” August 30, 1859
    John Scott to William Still, September 1, 1859
    Fayetteville (NC) Observer, "Political Effect," October 31, 1859
    Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, "Tenderly Sensitive," November 3, 1859
    Frances Watkins Harper to Mary Ann Day Brown, November 14, 1859
    Chicago (IL) Press and Tribune, "Opinions of the People," December 3, 1859
    New York Herald, "The Slavery Agitation," December 10, 1859
    New York Times, “Practical Secession,” December 21, 1859
    New York Times, "Southern Students in New York," December 22, 1859
    New York Times, "The Southern Medical Students," December 23, 1859
    Charleston (SC) Mercury, “The Medical Students,” December 26, 1859
    New York Times, “The Southern Students,” January 2, 1860
    Mrs. M. Brooks to William Still, January 2, 1860
    New York Herald, “The Runaway Slaves,” January 5, 1860
    Greensboro (NC) Patriot, "Secession of the Medical Students," January 6, 1860
    New Orleans (LA) Picayune, “Rendition of a Counterfeiter,” January 22, 1860
    Raleigh (NC) Register, “How Firmly United the Democracy Are,” February 22, 1860
    Thomas L. Kane to Robert Hunter, March 30, 1860
    Charlestown (VA) Free Press, “Fugitive Slave,” April 5, 1860
    Alexander Kelly McClure to Eli Slifer, April 14, 1860
    Schuyler Colfax to Abraham Lincoln, May 30, 1860
    Boston (MA) Herald, “A Fugitive,” June 7, 1857
    Anna H. Richardson to William Still, June 8, 1860
    Atchison (KS) Freedom's Champion, “An Insult to Labor,” July 21, 1860
    New York Herald, “Alleged Fugitive Slave Case in Philadelphia,” July 29, 1860
    New York Herald, “The Journey of the Prince of Wales,” August 7, 1860
    Abraham Lincoln to Alexander McClure, August 30, 1860
    New York Herald, “American Sensations During 1860,” October 21, 1860
    John P. Sanderson to David Davis, November 12, 1860
    Cleveland (OH) Herald, “The Reign of Terror in Georgia,” November 17, 1860
    Carlisle (PA) American Volunteer, “Bad State of Affairs,” November 22, 1860
    John Thompson to William Still, December 21, 1860
    Anna H. Richardson to William Still, December 28, 1860
    New York Times, “Honor to Major Anderson,” January 3, 1861
    Worthington G. Snethen to Abraham Lincoln, February 15, 1861
    Abraham Lincoln's Speech in Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, February 22, 1861
    Abraham Lincoln's Speech at the Flag-raising before Independence Hall, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, February 22, 1861
    George W. Brown to John A. Andrew, April 20, 1861
    Andrew H. Reeder to Simon Cameron, April 24, 1861
    Entry by George Templeton Strong, April 27, 1861
    New York Herald, “Severe Measures of the Philadelphia Police,” May 12, 1861
    Chicago (IL) Tribune, “Help From England,” May 16, 1861
    Savannah (GA) News, “The Civil War in Missouri,” May 17, 1861
    Savannah (GA) News, “Disinterested Black Republican Patriots,” May 22, 1861
    Amasa Converse to Abraham Lincoln, August 28, 1861
    Boston (MA) Advertiser, "Letter from Philadelphia," September 21, 1861
    Boston (MA) Advertiser, “Naval Expeditions and the Press,” October 10, 1861
    C.E. Hill to Editor, December 29, 1861
    Fannie W. Overton to William M. Cooper, February 24, 1862
    Anna M. Ross to Unknown Recipient, March 1, 1862
    Abraham Lincoln to Henry Wilson, May 15, 1862
    N.P. Gale to William M. Cooper and C.V. Fort, March 13, 1863
    Abraham Lincoln to Mary Todd Lincoln, June 16, 1863
    Washington (DC) National Intelligencer, “The Alarm in Pennsylvania,” June 16, 1863
    Lowell (MA) Citizen & News, “Points of Present Interest,” June 17, 1863
    New York Times, “A Word to Pennsylvania,” June 26, 1863
    Henry Ginder to Mary Ginder, June 28, 1863
    John Keagy Stayman to Edgar Hastings, July 1863
    Boston (MA) Liberator, “Enlistment of Colored Troops,” July 17, 1863
    Philadelphia (PA) North American and United States Gazette, "Ms. Anna M. Ross," December 24, 1863
    Stephen Minot Weld, Jr. to Stephen Minot Weld, Sr, Annapolis, Maryland, March 25, 1864
    Abraham Lincoln, Speech at Great Central Sanitary Fair, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, June 16, 1864
    Bangor (ME) Whig and Courier, “The Destruction of Chambersburg,” August 2, 1864
    New York Times, "Philadelphia vs. New-York," October 1, 1864
    Entry by Margaret Howell, April 23, 1865
    Entry by Emilie Davis, April 23, 1865
    New York Times, "The City of Brotherly Love," August 29, 1865
    New York Times, "The Philadelphia Volunteers' Refreshment Saloons," August 31, 1865
    Resolutions, Union League of Philadelphia, August 22, 1866, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
    William Whipper to William Still, December 4, 1871
    New York Times, "A Patriot's Family in Distress," March 18, 1880
    How to Cite This Page: "Philadelphia, PA," House Divided: The Civil War Research Engine at Dickinson College,